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Avantwhatever 2022: Outfitting the Electronic Music Classroom

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Dutch Analog Computing
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date post words
22-06-11 Use a pencil. 370
22-06-08 Busy. SD Laika. 240
22-06-02 Memory. 276 week: 1,096
22-05-30 Forgot it was a holiday. Going with the flow. 820
22-05-29 Watching movies. 190 week: 3,318
22-05-28 Commonplace books. Redirection. 740
22-05-27 Design. Planners. Sharing. 1,848
22-05-25 RSS. Read Later. 540
22-05-22 Names. Word Count. Feeling the Fourth Wall. 1,006 week: 3,895
22-05-21 Video Game Honeymoon. Media. Teleportation. 628
22-05-20 County fair. Iteration. 495
22-05-19 Intellectual turning points 792
22-05-18 Tape noise, marriage, old friends 969

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Designing FFIV patches in Imitone
Avantwhatever 2022: Outfitting the Electronic Music Classroom

Chronological (ascending)

Composition Ideas
Use a pencil.
Busy. SD Laika.
Nice Radio Stations
Forgot it was a holiday. Going with the flow.
Watching movies.
Terms to Explore
Commonplace books. Redirection.
Design. Planners. Sharing.
new sketch: sketch-220525
RSS. Read Later.
To Listen
Leslie Lamport - What is Computation?
Colloquial Approaches to Independent Learning
You are here
Toggle Example
Names. Word Count. Feeling the Fourth Wall.
Video Game Honeymoon. Media. Teleportation.
County fair. Iteration.
Intellectual turning points.
Jane Friedhoff - Games, Play, and Joy
Tape noise, marriage, old friends.
Raley - On Julian Marias
Unamuno and Ortega on Relativism
Texts To Procure
Spanish Philosophy
Poltical Movements of Interest
Preserving Worlds
James - Why Should We Read Spinoza?
Continental Philosophy Reading List
Flow of Information
Style Ref: Article Process
Style Ref: Notes
Style Ref: About
Style Ref: Posts

Dutch Analog Computing
Models, Patterns, Systems
Deleuze - Difference and Repetition - Supplemental Reading
Symbolic Systems
To Read
Concept Mapping
Analog Computing
Sönke Ahrens - How to Take Smart Notes
On Abstraction
Vegan Curry Rice
Crunchy Peanut Slaw

Composition Ideas

22-06-22 23:00

Sonifying the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction

Using the International Date Line as a graphical score

A piece for the Large European Acoustic Facility (LEAF) - a speaker so loud, it will immediately rupture the ear drums of the listener. A piece which can never be heard

Designing FFIV patches in Imitone

22-06-12 19:00


Imitone is a voice-to-midi tool that offers real-time conversion and acts like an external midi device, sending. To provide the user with a auditory feedback signal, Imitone employs an instance of the FFIV synthesizer voice. Imitone users can choose from a variety of tones that match different aspects of their vocal performance.



With the right auditory feedback, the user's proficiency with Imitone can be improved with practice. But often with voice-to-MIDI tools, users don't have good synchronicity between their performance and the resultant transcription.


Design a "cue tone" that:

- is guide for real-time vocal performance. Maximally subsconscious, biofeedback for voice-to-midi.

- Gives the user a better sense of timing than the higher latency MIDI connection offers. In other words, the cue tone should help to mask the latency between the performance and the transcription.

- Offers a good "cue mix" > the blending of the performance with the cue tone so the user can retain a natural sense of feedback information.

- Doesn't necessarily have a tonal component but may be able to use tonality to help the user feel out their pitch. We can imagine a cue tone being just noise in combination with some MIDI driven instrument, in which case the cue tone is just serving to fill in those extra milliseoncds before the driven instrument is triggered.

- If tonal components are present in the cue tone, they should be natural enough so that the delay between the onset of the note (represented internally to FFIV as a "hypertrigger") and the pitch recognition of the performance is imperceptible to the average user.

- Should feel complete as a standalone instrument. Should make the user "feel the MIDI".

- Secondarily, help to mitigate uncertainties around the type of instrument that is being driven by Imitone.

Foremost, the cue tone should improve the timing feel of Imitone. The value of the cue tone will be used to provide the user with a prompt awareness of the pitch and rhythm of Imitone's MIDI transcription, so that they can achieve greater control and mastery over the voice-to-MIDI pipeline as musical instrument.

After the first pass of cue tone sound design, being able to provide feedback to development team on what qualities make for a good cue tone.

Design Concerns

Is a good cue tone, like a metronome, dry and colorless? Metronomes are short pulses so it's easy to detect beats. Similarly, a good cue tone should also communicate the properties of the performance.

Much care is taken with the gain balance of FFIV's output relative to the monitored voice.


FFIV patches are designed by modifying the values of a collection of global "console variables".

For example, 'a.amp.env.attack' controls the per-second increase in the amplitude envelope for the first (a) of four (a,b,c,d) voice components.

After each patch is loaded, Imitone will load clear.ini first and then load in the selected patch to prevent leaking

See 'clear.ini' for an exhaustive listing of configurable parameters. These are a bit repetitive: there are four voice units, each of which has five generators and four modulation units (pitch, amplitude, filter cutoff and resonance). Each modulation unit has an envelope, an LFO and another envelope that scales the LFO's effect.

Synthesis Pipeline

Refer to the provided illustration and 'clear.ini' while reading this section.

Block diagram of the FFIV Synthesizer voice Block diagram of the FFIV Synthesizer voice

Voice Units

The four voice units (a, b, c and d) support the same functionality.

Voice units operate on a mix of four parts:

- 'osc' is a pitch-controlled sine wave, which can be modulated by 'fm'.
- 'fm' behaves like other oscillators except its 'amp' parameter is called 'depth'.
- 'square' is a pitch-controlled square wave. It supports a modulated duty cycle.

Voice units have two special on-off settings (use a value of 0 or 1):

- 'a.tonal' determines whether voice pitch factors into oscillator pitch. If disabled, voice pitch is effectively set to zero.
- 'a.rapid' determines whether envelopes are triggered by transients rather than detected pitch. This is typically used on noise-based voices. If applied to a voice with pitched oscillators, the pitch of the last-played note will be used until a new pitch is available.

Mod Units

Mod Units are used in voices to generate envelopes for pitch (offset), amplitude and square wave duty cycle. In filters, they control cutoff frequency and resonance. Essentially, mod units allow any of these features to attack, decay and oscillate.

Each mod unit consists of an ADSR envelope, an LFO and a second envelope scaling the LFO. There are two variations with slight differences in behavior: one is used for amplitude and resonance while the other is used for pitch, duty cycle and cutoff frequency. (See illustration)


FFIV applies a resonant lowpass filter to each voice unit and to the final mix. In both cases the filter is followed by a distortion effect.

FFIV uses a fourth-order non-linear filter inspired by the Moog ladder design. The filter's parameters are controlled by mod units. Filter frequency is expressed logarithmically, as a MIDI Tuning Standard value (usually between 0 and 128).


Distortion is a single parameter and applies an exponential "wave shaping" effect. A value of zero indicates no distortion, while larger values will exaggerate the waveform with new harmonics.

Mastering Chain

Indivdual voice units are scaled by the 'amp' envelope, then mastered by a filter and distortion effect.

These are mixed together, then subjected to global effects (under 'fx'): filter, distortion, amplification, reverberation ('reverb') and finally dynamic range compression ('comp').

The reverb effect is a simple hall program similar to the "Freeverb" algorithm. It involves a small set of allpass and comb filters.

MIDI Control

Builds with MIDI tweaking enabled will automatically set console variables 'CC0' through 'CC127' to the latest value received from a MIDI controller. At this time, the build listens to the first available MIDI input — this may be inconvenient if you have more than one connected.

Any numeric variable in the FFIV patch may be set to a formula using operators for addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and exponentiation ('^'). You can use these to control variables with MIDI controller values of your choice.

For example, this line:

'set a.noise.amp CC11'

...would allow you to control the amplitude of noise included in voice 'a' using Control Change #11.

This line:

'set b.filter.cutoff.base 32+64*CC101'

...would map CC101 to the basic filter cutoff frequency for voice 'b'. You could also control the LFO and envelope

Outfitting the Electronic Music Classroom

22-06-12 19:00
This is a grant application to the July/August cycle of the residency at

What occupies you? Tell us about yourself, your life and/or your practice.

I'm a mix engineer, sound artist, and music educator. I run a post-production sound studio tucked away in the forests of the Sierra Nevada Foothills on the west coast of the US. My commercial work is primarily focused on helping non-profits turn engaging conversations into stream-ready podcasts. My artistic practice is focused on helping visual and mixed media artists provide a sonic component to their installations and gallery shows. And my (para)academic interests lie in cultivating the history of electronic and computer music for richer understandings of the materiality of sound media and the expressive possibilities of computational substrates. I frame much of my life practice as playing a support role to help others achieve their creative goals, hence the name of my studio, I am deeply fascinated with learning and want to share that fascination with others.

Where are you located?

I am based in Northern California, USA.

What is your timezone and when would you be typically available for online meetings?

I generally operate in UTC -7:00, but am happy to be available for online meetings in all timezones.

How do you exist online currently?

Currently, I run a commercially-oriented website at Informally, I post as "inscript" on the Merveilles community Mastodon instance. Merveilles is a collective of creatives and developers who explore the ways in which we can better ourselves and our surroundings through constant creation. Many of us (myself included) are interested in the handmade web, permacomputing, and longtermism. I also maintain my own small collection of HTML/CSS notes and writings at and belong to the XXIIVV webring run by Devine Lu Linvega.

What makes you curious to undertake a server residency?

While most of my commercial clients and artistic collaborations are in major American cities or abroad, I'd like to begin directing more of my educational practice to foster a local interest in electronic and computer music. I grew up in Montessori classrooms and got my undergraduate degree in Audio Technology through an alternative "living-learning" program at the Johnston Center for Integrative Studies in Redlands, California. Alternative, hands-on, practice-oriented methods were central to my own education and led me towards a deep care for learning. I'm interested in implementing some of those same methods in the context of electronic music production and developing music technology curricula for youth aged 12-18. As an resident, I'd like to explore different hardware and software platforms that may lend themselves to this same sort of hands-on classroom environment. This exploration would help benefit my own short-term future efforts to offer a number of brief workshops, but I also hope to develop a resource for other music technologists, and music educators interested in doing the same. Financial components of the grant award would help fund a few of these hardware and software platforms. Also, given my relative geographic isolation from an arts "scene", I look forward to engaging with fellow residents over the duration of the residency.

Is there anything we could provide that would help you undertake the residency, beyond what's outlined here?

While I maintain a relatively low-impact website at, I am not sure how I can embed audio (and perhaps video) examples on the web in a way that isn't dependent on large corporate conglomerates/hosts that constantly seek to monetize and track user behavior. It would be wonderful if Avantwhatever staff could point me in the direction of some resources that would allow me to host non-text content on the web in a way that is free, open, and is mindful of preventing linkrot.

Use a pencil.

22-06-11 13:00

Someone on Mastodon recently posted a page from the Vattu webcomic, created by Evan Dahm. He does a behinds the scenes video essay that is quite a detailed look of his process and principles on creating this over ten year, thousand page plus book. He provides a great perspective on the things that do and don't arise organically from working on a project for so long - on the spots where you have to make a choice, or need a plan, or where one isn't needed at all. There a bunch of great insight that's applicable not just to independent graphic novel publishing, but also on creating/working in public in general. One of my biggest takeaways so far to use a pencil. There's this tendency in music production to sort out the deatils of one piece at a time until that element is perfect. Not only is that not how comics are put together, it's also impossible to implement that type of workflow in the context of illustration. I don't think I think in borad general strokes when starting a composition. He also deals quite a bit with worldbuilding, about how the preface with a voiceover and text describing the cosmology of the narrative - about how readers should be taught, not explained at. And I wonder how worldbuilding operates in music, especially non-lyrical music. Like with an opera, I get it, but with something like Objekt's Flatland, there is quite clearly a world that is developed and it seems cohesive outside of the purely aesthetic dimension. Not quite sure how to unpack that.

With Vattu, for instance, Dahm filled eleven notebooks of skethces, planning, and narrative details before starting the first actual page. This sort of forethought is pretty incredible. Dahm says, "I love working with invented settings and I will continue to forever. I think it's a really incredible bit of literary technology, to have a story set in s aplce that's fully consistent and unfamiliar, being dropped into it as a reader and figuring out how it works."

This is also just an explicit reminder to expand on what "using a pencil" would actually look like when making music. It's not necessarily sitting down at a piano with a pencil, but it also isn't not that.

Busy. SD Laika.

22-06-08 13:30

Been away for a minute, quite busy with work, M and I are COVID symptomatic but testing negative, so quaratined. Been listening to some really excellent music, especially Klein's work. I think Klein's work deserves a more longform piece of writing. It's all very thought-provoking. I was originally looking for artists similar to SD Laika, who unfortunately, hasn't released any new material since 2018, but their debut album, That's Harakiri is one of my top ten records of all time. Looking into a bit of info online, it seems he may be using the aliases: "Latent Fish", "Strawdog" & "Chocolate". Though soundcloud comments are to be taken with a grain of salt. Apparently, he had a correspondence with an artists released by Honest Jon's under the name, "Diptera". It seems like they may have had a falling out. SD is very cryptic online it would seem, and that's their right. But damn, SD's music is so good. Thick basses that are reverbed out, under moisey percussive elements that don't sound like drum samples, grimey. There's a similar sort of fog/cloud/haze (but not mud) to the masters that give them a certain confusion, in a pleasantly overwhelming way, without being overly complex from a compositional standpoint. I find this also to be characteristic of Actress. A areviewer mentions SD's interpretation of Wiley's aesthetic and I think I'll have to dig in further to be able to understand what they are getting at.


22-06-02 8:00

I can sometimes feel experiences slip away from memory. Bit tragic I reckon. Writing here is a partial means to counteract that tendency. Despite being left with a nice record (if I can keep it up), I think it's still a little futile. It's interesting. After having seens so many close friends just two weeks ago for the wedding, I almost feel a bit of social withdrawals. I feel lonelier than I remember feeling before the wedding now that everyone is gone. This occured to me while I was doing dishes with the remnants of the beer and booze just a few feet away in our entryway. We're gonna sell what's left to J/J for theirs. Coming up soon! Being a human is quite lonely. I wonder if some books can keep me company. A couple of interactions on Merveilles are nice every once in a while, but so shallow. I really miss my friends, and I'm of the ilk who tends toward self-isolation. A dangerous habit, and one I have to be intentional about breaking. Outside of the friends I made almost ten years ago since school, I haven't done much in the friend department save for a half dozen or so people I worked with. It's especially tricky out here given that I live in an area with an extremely limited population.

I think it would be cool to write some sort of extended guide for music production, but the choice of platform (which I discussed this past weekend) is quite tricky as well. I think this topic would be interesting to explore further. Asking the question: How do you outfit an electronix music classroom?

Nice Radio Stations

22-05-31 13:00
Wreckage Systems - 65daysofstatic↗︎

NTS Radio↗︎

Soma FM's cliqhop idm stream↗︎

Forgot it was a holiday. Going with the flow.

22-05-30 20:00

One of the things that I think this website (as a writing, reading, and listening project) is sort of predicated on is the ability to access on-demand media and know its source. This sort of rules out 20c streams of material like broadcast radio and cable television, but I don't think those aren't worthwhile mediums, they are just difficult to develop more comprehensive reads of. The pleasnt side-effect of directing toward on-demand content is that the amount of advertising I consume is greatly reduced. I revisited Soundcloud for the first time in quite a while and I was very surprised at the amount of advertisement that had infiltrated the platform.

Ended up having a bit of a busier day than I has anticipated. A consequence of working from home is that it isn't always easy to remember when the county office is closed due to a federal holiday. In that way, running one's one operation can be a bit isolating. It's a Monday, why wouldn't I work? Since I was already out that way, I turned the outing into a grocery trip. Got green salsa for the first time in a while. If I have a choice between red or green, I'm gonna go green every time. I'm enjoying the surplus grocer, mostly because I can get out of there with a cart full of groceries for a reasonable price. Usually, when I get home after going grocery shopping, I scroll through my phone for a bit. Since I had earbuds in, I watched a talk at the '22 APL conference. Not sure I gleaned anything, but the culture of the APL community is kinda funny. It's like the person who wears a wacky tie to work and then waits for someone to notice. On the other hand, had APL taken off in industry or web a bit earlier, it would be a neat world to live in.

I'm not sure whether or not I should do a weekly update. It makes sense to provide a spot to post the links from the week, and then link to a single spot form the log RSS feed. Another advantage of a weekly review is that I can abstract away from the events and better perceive trends in mood, work, etc.. Not sure how exactly I would lump together events. Hmm...

This was a bit of a sluggish week. Lost a prospect, but furthered a conversation with another. Getting to the point where I can sort of feel the impending recession. Palpable. It's weird to have a client just ghost? This is why I usually require a production schedule. But you can only make that request so many times before it becomes clear they just don't give a shit. No worries. Happy to ride the wave for now. I think this past week, I had a bit of a hard time getting back into the swing of things. I back things up pretty regularly, but I'm doing a bit of larger scale backup project at the moment. My connection is so slow, I have to time uploading with being able to actually use my network, which means for uploads that take longer than 12 hours, I have to time the pauses correctly. Luckily, most of the editing work can be done offline.

The wedding seems like it's starting to fade into the background/past. Which is both nice in terms of stress level and not nice because I feel like I've been telling myself that "post-wedding" represents a new path for the studio. But I don't know how that works, or what that looks like exactly. I know that I'm curious about the idea of remote-residency and small arts grants, but I'm not quite sure where to begin prospecting. Ideally, I can just get a few out there by the end of the year. I'd also like to do a creative project with one of my collaborators. They mentioned wanting to do a sculptural work that may have a sound component, which seems really fascinating. I've never done sculpture in the context of my sound practice, but I think I have some ideas. Excited to put my new planner to the test, get into some real work. I also want to watch some more Disney+ stuff this week if M has time afer work.

Listened to a lot of bass music this week, and looking to dig a bit further into Call Super's work. Blown away by what I've heard so far. Really quite intentional electronic music. May be worth seeing what language the critics used, but maybe I don't actually care. Not sure... I also heard Visible Cloaks 'Bamboo' mix, and I'll definitely watn to check out the second volume in the series. I really like this sort of curatorial mix. It isn't trying to turn the club up, so it instead comes from folks who are just trying to present a scene in a very honest, earnest, and sharp manner.

Watching movies.

22-05-29 21:00

A friend gifted us a Disney+ subscription because they knew I've been interested in watching some of the new wave of animated movies. We started with Turning Red, and it's alright. It seems like a bit of a missed opportunity to claim a "cure" to the "allegory", and a bit of an odd conflation between cultural lore and coming of age. The animation is really well done and there are some subtle nods to some more traditional or canonical styles (though I'm certainly no expert). I can't tell the difference between a stylistic trope being used that may be to the detriment of a people because a production team wants to use it versus them using because they are being told to use it. I don't quite know how the result of that difference would change my read, or why my read even matters. Movies turn narratives into commodities and when those narratives are about people, the whole thing gets complicated. I'm being intentionally vague so as not to go full postco, but maybe I should at some point. Maybe my perspective will develop as I watch more of these.

Dutch Analog Computing

analog computers 22-05-30 11:30 (imported)

the Deltar 1 analog computer from 1972
Deltar 1 computer (Delta Tide Analog Calculator), photo taken 1972

The Netherlands seems to have a long history with analog computing. The specialization arose from the need to measure and predict the region's complex water system, along with the industrial advancements made by Philips (founded 1891 in Eindhoven), and as a byproduct, became home to one of the cultural centers of early electronic music - The Institute of Sonology (a.k.a. Sonology).

Of particular note within the Institute of Sonology (founded 1967 in Utrecht, moved to the Royal Conservatoire of The Hague in 1986) is its staff of pioneers in the field of electronic and tape-based composition and electronic sound synthesis1. Among them, Dick Raaymakers, Frits Weiland, Ton Bruynel, Konrad Boehmer, Gottfried Michael Koenig, Rainer Riehn, Jaap Vink, Kees Tazelaar2. In the 1980s, Sonology began some of the first known experiments with digital computer control of analog sound generation equipment, specifically using the PDP-15 computers4. In the present day, Sonology maintains an entirely analog electronic music studio called BEA5, managed by Tazelaar. In addition to a fairly robust array of Studer tape machines, BEA5 has some very unique equipment including their custom voltage-controlled function generators5, their D&R Vision mixing desk (released 1993) and their multiple simpulataneous output Bruel & Kjaer third-octave band-pass filter (midcentury).


1) Sonology Timeline↗︎
2) listing of former staff at Sonology↗︎
3) Joost Rekveld's essay "The Analog Art"↗︎
4) Kees Tazelaar's video footage↗︎ of Sonology in 1986, featuring many faculty
5) Kees Tazelaar's video demonstration↗︎ of BEA5's VC Function Generators

music compilation from Sonology↗︎ via Sub Rosa Label (Belgium)
Joost Rekveld on Dutch Analog Computing (video lecture)↗︎
Joost's courses on art and technology'↗︎

Models, Patterns, Systems

list learning maps
22-05-23 20:30 (imported)

A course of reading in models, analogies, patterns, and systems... MAPS.

Alexander - Timeless Way of Building
Alexander - A Pattern Language
Langacker - An Introduction to Cognitive Grammar
Langacker - Discourse in Cognitive Grammar
Salingaros - A Theory of Architecture
Salingaros - Anti-Architecture
Meadows - Thinking in Systems
Schmidhuber - Algorithmic Theories of Everything

Deleuze - Difference and Repetition
Supplemental Reading

Deleuze 22-05-29 21:00 (imported)

background: - Deleuze's monograms on other philosophers?
- Dialogues w/ Parnet > reading guide↗︎
- Deleuze - Nietzsche and Philosophy (for introductions on vocabulary)
- Deleuze's Philosophical Lineage - ed Jones and Roffe (vol. I and II) (I is v)
- Schrift - Twentieth Century French Philosophy (Key Themes and Thinkers) (v?)
-> especially part about Hyppolite

companion: - Somers-Hall - Introduction to DR (v)
- Hughes - A Reader's Guide to DR
- Protevi's suggestions of secondaries on DR:
- Hughes - Deleuze's Difference and Repetition
- Bryant - Deleuze and Givenness
- Williams - Gilles Deleuze - Difference and Repetition
- Beistegui - Truth and Difference: Philosophy as Differential Ontology
- Duffy - The Logic of Expression
- Somers-Hall - Hegel, Deleuze, and The Crisis of Representation* - Smith - Essays on Deleuze
- Daniel Colucciello Barber - Deleuze and the Naming of God: Postsecularism and the Future of Immanence

Symbolic Systems

computers language 22-05-29 17:00 (imported)

Symbolic Systems is a program at Stanford University which examines "the interdisciplinary study of cognition, information, communication, and language"*

*Stanford Symbolic Systems 1 Course Syllabus↗︎

Some of the foundations questions discussed in the introductory course:

- What are minds?
- What is computation?
- What are rationality and intelligence?
- Can computer be truly intelligent?

Some of the readings in the intro course:

- Nilsson - Human-level AI? Be Serious!
- Flanagan - Minds and Bodies
- Clark - Meat Machines
- Hillis - The Pattern on the Stone
- Turing - Computing Machinery and Intelligence
- Newell and Simon - Computer Science as Empirical Inquiry
- Dennett - Why The Law of Effect Will Not Go Away
- Searle - Minds, Brains, and Programs
- Dennett - Fast Thinking
- Nagel - What Is It Like to Be a Bat?
- Dennett - Quining Qualia
- Bernard Baars - Global Workspace Theory of Consciousness
- Libet - Unconscious Cerebral Initiative
- Dennett and Kinsbourne - Time and the Observer
- Palmer - Vision Science
- Lettvin et al. - What the Frog's eye tells the frog's brain
- Shephard and Metzler - Mental Rotation of Three Dimensional Objects
- Wolpert and Ghahramani - Bayes rule in perception action and cognition
- Simons and Rensink - Change Blindness: Past, Present, and Future
- Cowey and Stoerig - The neurobiology of blindsight
- Chun and Wolfe - Textbook (?)
- Sperling - The infromation available in brief visual presentations
- Dahaene et al. - COnscious preconscious and sublinimal processing a testable taxonomy
- Grice - Logic and COnversation
- Christian and Griffiths - Explore/Exploit
- Kahneman - Maps of Bounded Rationality
- Gigerenzer and Brighton - Home Heuristicus
- Dreyfus and Dreyfus - Makinf a Mind versus Modeling the Brain
- Levesgue - On Our Best Behavior
- Dennett - Cognitive Wheels
- Dreyfus - What Computers Can't Do
- Lake et al. - Building Machines that Learn and Think Like People

Terms to Explore

22-05-29 00:30

Commonplace books. Redirection.

22-05-28 22:30

I'm growing tired of messing with CSS. The structure and workflow of the site has been established, now I just need to figure out how to read a book, and write a few thousand words every day. Not sure how I'm gonna go about that, let alone make the time, but I may be able to figure it out. I did this sort of stream of consciousness, more commonplace book-oriented post yesterday. Ended up yielding quite a bit of thought but I now need to figure put how to talk about stuff. I think one of the keys to "having takes" (for as much as I sort of find that problematic) is having an orientation with respect to the crux of an issue, and knowing why a given perspective matters. One of the things I dislike about people having takes, is that they can risk quickly becoming self-help/prescriptivist of the human experience (work out more, eat better, make more money, etc..) and I hate that shit.

Scrolling through bird for "commonplace book" as a means of getting ideas. I'm not sure these ideas exist, and if they do, would they be helpful? Came across Richard MacManus' ReadWriteWeb archives and it's a pretty interesting snapshot of early blog technologies and the various considerations behind them.

It's both an interesting reminder of the idea that we haven't made much progress in writing on the web in the last two decades, but also invokes the question of where we would go with writing on the web if things were to look different. Perhaps they do and I'm not giving it enough to credit? It seems like the major changes (that occur to me, in passing), are the move towards CMSs like Wordpress, the advent of Medium (which killed itself with ads), and the coming of Substack (which is fine, but eh). I'm sure there's lots more nuance there, but it's late and I'm not sure I care enough. The bottom line is that it's really interesting to dig back through these archives to the very first posts of a blog and see that much of the intentions and standpoints look a lot like the last week of writing I've done. Again, I look forward to talking about "stuff."

There's something that bothers me so intensely about sentences that end with quotation marks. I know the quote goes on the outside of the period, but it just seems absurd from a informational structure standpoint. I think the British may have developed some exception to the rule but who wants to follow rules made by the Brits?

Apparently, Benjamin kept a commonplace book and has a few interesting quotes about it. I hear that Nietzsche did as well. I don't aspire to be thinkers of this stature, most of them were independently wealthy, so they could walk around all day taking notes.

A commonplace book is a sort of scrapbook of thoughts, a staging ground for loose ideas, quotes, and notes as one meanders through their day. The M.O. seems to be that instead of breaking up the stream of ideas based on topic or category, the ideas form one long continuous chain as the writer hops from one experience to the next. I like this type of workflow and I'm wondering how I can integrate some of the tenets of this process into a more atomic workflow. I don't have any good ideas besides regularly linking ot the atomic notes in the margin of posts like these. Another idea to is to pull bits out of each of these posts to form their own notes, but then I run into a weird sort of "where did that piece of information exist most recently?"-type issue.

I've had a passing interest in Library and Information Sciences but I don't think an MLIS would make sense for me given that there's no large libraries anywhere near me as I'm in a pretty rural area. The closest thing is a local two-year whose staff is so small, it wouldn't be realistic to pursue with no fallback options. That said, it's probably the curriculum that my interests seem to align the most closely with, as I'm into digital humanities, textual studies, critical theory, and HCI - and all of those find some contact points with information studies. Shame I don't have an extra $30k lying around to blow on grad school. I just wanna learn. No one's stopping me from doing that though. It's free.

Design. Planners. Sharing.

22-05-27 22:00

I've been consuming some Matuschak content recently and the really prevalent thing that stands out to me is like... where are the other people who do this type of work? Are there in the academy, or in industry, or in the "Zettelkasten" youtube scene? I have an inkling that they aren't in the most latter. I re-listened to his episode on the Muse Podcast and he mentions IDEO (founded by David Kelley), who I hadn't heard of. They are a design firm who popularized the idea of "human-centered design" which seems to be at least related to a whole series of "designy" movements over the last twenty year, and what strikes me as the reason why so much of the curricula that I was receiving during my time taking business classes seemed to be centered on concepts surrounding "design thinking." I place all these in hyphens because they seem to be somehow less tangible than normal words, perhaps because of my lack of familiarity with these concepts.

In that same episode of the Muse Podcast, the hosts mention that they attended an HCI conference where there was about 2000 people there as well. This caught me off guard. It's not that I can't imagine that many people into HCI, but that I had no clue that that many people show up to academic conferences. I've never been to an academic conference before but it's probably the kind of thing I'd like, at least in some fashions. The things that gets me about academia is that it seems attractive, and then the academic tell you how tired they are with all the things you think you'd be into about it, and how all the things that you would be interested in doing are overrated. But I feel like the space outside the academy feels just as shitty? It's just people a) talk about it less because they are accustomed to speaking less about their experiences? or b) they talk about it just as much except I'm not really seeking out "steel worker bird" or anything like that.

I've been making a little HTML form that fits on a single screen and operates a bit like a planner, sometime called a "spread" by the bullet journal folks. The advantage is that I can enter in text and then just save it from the browser and retain those notes. Right now it looks a bit like an agenda with a box for each day. The issue is, I've never really planned like this. I always just operate with a running list of open loops, essentially with things that have to get done as soon as possible, and those that don't require such urgency. A little bit ago, I was looking for something like "A History of Calendar Software" but I don't think I was using the right search terms, I just got a bunch of sponsored content for Asana, Notion, and whatever the latest iPhone productivity app is. What I'd really like to find is how information can be structures on a two-dimensional surface, and the various ways in which different structures can help people organize their to-dos. I'm not looking to imply that there is some "ultimate layout", but to just to get ideas for what is out there besides what Stephen Covey has in their catalog, or maybe including what Stephen Covey has to offer.

I think in general, I'm having trouble getting explorations of a given topic at a satisfactory level of detail. It's like I need a linear ramp up to an intermediate level, to get an idea of the terms used and their meaning and then to use those terms to grok the outstanding problems in a given field. As a matter of fact (or not?), some conversations on Mastodon have led me to believe that experts in their field don't even really know what the open problems are in their field, nor do they care. This leaves me feeling like I am sort of lost with a colloquial veneer of what it means to do academic research, and that I am so distant from discourses in which scientific, discursive, incremental knowledge is procured among a distributed network of thousands of academics and hundreds of thousands of volunteers, that I actually just have no idea how research is done. But I don't need to do "research" in order to "learn" so maybe learning is my goal. I don't what the difference is. Worth exploring?

I'm not really interested in being a category theory bird stan, but I do like some of the shapes and stuff that they post. That seems like a tough field to get into (and to what avail), but I did find a guide by prathyvush via github (search). One of the things that's tricky about math (somewhat in relation to the above) is that not only is it tricky to see the application of a given high-level finding if you aren't familiar with the discourse in which a given finding operates, but also that if you are an outsider, it's difficult to know what areas are and aren't related to each other. Abstract math is a bit messed, but the diagrams look cool. I reckon it a tricky thing to get into because when you're at a high level, knowing how to get there is trivial, but when you're at an intro, there's no clear graph between where you are at now and way up there. (I am really not sure how to describe that any better, but it may be worth trying again at some point.)

Watching a lecture by Nielsen at Google. They get all the neat people in their lunch room. I just have quesadillas and lawnmower noises. The lawnmower noises drive me up a wall. It's interesting that blogs created by academics are starting to get a similar weight to papers (at least on the outside). He discusses Gowers' Polymath Project, a long blog comment section where a whole bunch of people chimed in, wrote 100k+ words, and got a few papers published out of it. I feel like that feels odd, cool! but odd in the sense that it feels like the folks who participated there didn't get a leg up. On what? I'm not sure.

I feel a bit of a tension between the appreciation of the open source and open science movement and the idea that a closed corpora published all at once could somehow become a key to the proverbial intellectual city. Both of those sort of strike me as lies developed by Big Tech to make you feel shitty (that's a bit of a hermit's straw man, but I'll take it for the time being). If it isn't clear already in this post, I'm fascinated with learning but I feel scared by intellectual culture. I'm alienated from the academy, but don't know where to start with doing "open" work. I do feel like the bird thing is probably not it. Or at least, I haven't been versed enough in a discipline to either publish or have something of value to say besides the vague dreams of a simple HCI gesture, tagging one of my favorite bird HCI people. I don't really know how to interact with other people (besides chatting on Merveilles) when I feel like I have something useful to contribute. I think I need to set out a project for myself and publish those results, and see what people have to say. I've never really done that outside of a bit of music production in school.

That's another trouble with working on this set of notes is that it doesn't really have an end, but I don't suppose that's exclusive with posting my progress on a series of notes as I go. Working in public is tricky when you do go in public very often.

Nielsen advocates for treating expertise as a scarce resource and figuring out how to make sure those resources are directed towards the 'right' problem. He also addresses some shortcomings with previous efforts to do this sort of thing. In the case of a "research-level wiki" on the topic of quantum computing, Nielsen addresses the issue that many of the academics who were the most excited for this sort of thing don't actually contribute because they don't perceive that they have the time (I couldn't tell whether or not he was implying this is true or false). In the case of a number of "social networks for scientists", they just don't get the type of critical user level that could really cause them to take off. N. states that if you are a young scientist, you wanna get a job doing what you love, and this means working 80 hours/wk and not having time to contribute to things like the wiki because tenure committees don't really care about these projects compared to something like "mediocre" journals. What are the reward structures at play, and what are the incentives? How can we change the culture so that people are incentivized to engage with these sorts of platforms?

I suppose I'm interested in learning only in so far as it gets me to the point where I can speak one of these languages, but the paradox that I have in the back of my head is that you don't get to the point where you can speak the language if you do a bunch of reading on language learning. One doesn't transfer to another. They are in some sense silos of work where one has a very slight leak, but not much area of common efficiency (there's gotta be a better word for that) in terms of time-input. The other issue is that engaging with this set of notes has a very angsty "gotta learn a bunch before I die!" vibe that feels yucky, like being high on dayquil.

Something happened in the last year or two where I no longer identify with the people in the background of the Boiler Room or Dekmantel videos I watch on YouTube. They all look young, awkward, and uncomfortably high. I have very little interest in the third, afraid there's not much I can do about the second, and slowly losing my grip on the first. Being married also factors in somehow, but I still like my old sweatshirts from school. Life is a mixed bag.

Nielsen talks about the idea of sending a cipher encoding a discovery to a group of colleagues to verify the date of that discovery. That's interesting. I feel like I filter a lot of facts through my own person. In some ways, I feel as if I learn by identifying with a given piece of content.

I'd like to find ways of radically reducing my general outlook on the world and reorienting towards a more optimistic prognosis of life as we know it. I'm just not brian that abandoning caution will be productive in the short run. There's a sense in which I feel like being scared of the future helps fuel my productivity in the short term. Kind of a shit way to feel.

To Read

22-05-29 17:00

Longform Inbox

Nielsen - Reinventing Discovery y Zalamea - Synthetic Philosophy of Contemporary Mathematics
Adam Gazzaley - The Distracted Mind
Mason Currey - Daily Rituals: How Artists Work
Alex Bellos - The Language Lovers Puzzle Book
Leslie Leland Locke - The Ancient Quipu
The Long Way - Bernard Moitessier
Jon Appleton and Ronald Perera - The Development and Practice of Electronic Music
Paul Sylvia - How To Write a Lot
Wong - Principles of Two Dimensional Design
Sherry Turkle - Alone Together
Lynne Kelly - Memory Craft
Lynne Kelly - The Memory Code
Rory Sutherland - Alchemy
Stuart Jeffries - Grand Hotel Abyss
M John Harrison - Light
Gelernter - Aesthetics of Computer Science
Adler/Van Doren - How to Read A Book
Dreyfus - Mind Over Machine: The Power of Human Intuition
Levy - Tools of Critical Thinking: Metathoughts for Psychology
Frederick Brooks - No Silver Bullet: Essence and Accident in Software Engineering
Jonathan Haidt - The Happiness Hypothesis
David Baker - The Business of Expertise
John Palfrey - BiblioTech: Why Libraries Matter More Than Ever in the Age of Google
Yudowsky - Rationality: From AI to Zombie
Lesswrong - Sequences
Bayard - How to talk about books you haven't read
Routledge Companion to The Frankfurt School
Bronner - Of Critical Theory and Its Theorists
Tallack - Critical Theory
Carney - Brecht and Critical Theory
Bronner - Critical Theory and Society
Granter - Critical Social Theory and The End of Work
Felluga - Critical Theory: The Key Concepts
Bowie - From Romanticism to Critical Theory
Barker - Michel Foucault: Subversions of The Subject
Sembou - Hegel's Phenomenology and Foucault's Genealogy
Cockelbergh - Using Words and Things: Language and Philosophy of Technology
Waldrop - The Dream Machine
Schweikart - After Capitalism New Critical Theory
Grant Cardone - The 10X Rule
Hiltzik - Dealers of Lightning (scribd)
Odell - How to Do Nothing y

Fiction that seems interesting

Elvia Wilk - Oval

Publishers to Look Into

- Open Humanities Press
- Verso Books
- Polity Press
- New York Review of Books
- Repeater Books

Philosophy Reading List

Four Primary Branches



Russell - The Problems of Philosophy
Blackburn - Think
Williamson - Tetralogue

### Greeks
Plato - The Republic y
Aristotle - Metaphysics y

### Priming/Early Modern
Kant - Critique of Pure Reason y
Descartes - Meditations on First Philosophy y
Descartes - Discourse on Method y
Hume - Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding y
Hegel - Phenomenology of Spirit y
Schopenhauer - World as Will and Representation y
Spinoza - Tractatus Theologico-Politicus y
Leibniz - Monadology y
Rousseau - Social Contract y
Mill - Utilitarianism y

### German Idealism
Kant - Critique of Pure Reason y
Hegel - Phenomenology of Spirit y
Stern - Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Hegel and the Phenomenology of Spirit y

### Fichte Secondaries
Beiser - Fichte's Critique of Subjectivism y
Zoller - Fichte's Transcendental Philsophy

### Alternatively...
Rockmore - German Idealism as Constructivism
Lumsden - Self-Consciousness and the Critique of the Subject
Breazeale and Rockmore - Fichte, German Idealism, and Early Romanticism
Rockmore and Breazeale - Fichte and Transcendental Philosophy
Franks - All or Nothing
Neuhouser - Fichte's Theory of Subjectivity
Transcendental Ontology: Essays in German Idealism

### Epistemology
Russell - Our Knowledge of The External World y

### Phenomenology
Husserl - Logical Investigations y
Husserl - Philosophy as Rigorous Science y
Heidegger - Being and Time y
Merleau-Ponty - Phenomenology of Perception y
Levinas - Totality and Infinity?

### Existentialism
Sarte - Existentialism is a Humanism y
Kierkegaard - Fear and Trembling?
Kierkegaard - The Concept of Anxiety?
Nietzsche - Birth of Tragedy y
Nietzsche - Gay Science y
Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil?
Nietzsche - On the Genealogy of Morality y
Sarte - Nausea y
Sarte - Being and Nothingness y
Camus - The Myth of Sisyphus y
Camus - The Stranger ?
de Beauvoir - The Second Sex y

### Structuralism
Saussure - Course in General Linguistics y
Lacan - Ecrits y
Barthes - Mythologies y

### Post-Structuralism
Deleuze - A Thousand Plateaus y
Deleuze -Difference and Repetition y
Derrida - Of Grammatology y
Beaudrillard - Simulacra and Simulation y
Foucault - History of Madness y
Foucault - History of Sexuality y
Foucault - The Order of Things y

### Frankfurt School
Adorno - Aesthetic Theory
Adorno - Negative Dialectics y
Marcuse - One Dimensional Man y
Habermas - The Theory of Communicative Action y
Jay - The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt School y
Horkheimer - Selected Essays y
Arendt - The Human Condition y

### Analytic Reading List
Frege - On Sense and Reference y
Russell - On Denoting y
Wittgenstein - Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus y
Chomsky - Aspects of The Theory of Syntax n
Ayer - Language, Truth, and Logic ?
Quine - Two Dogmas of Empiricism
Sellars - Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind y
Sellars - Philosophy and the Scientific Image of Man y
Kripke - Naming and Necessity y
Davidson - Truth and Meaning y
Davidson - A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs y
Putnam - The Meaning of Meaning y
Rorty - Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature y
McDowell - Mind and World y
Carnap - Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology y
Carnap - The Logical Structure of The World and Pseudoproblems in Philosophy y
Lewis - On The Plurality of Worlds y
Blackwell Companion to Analytic Philosophy ?
Soames - Philsophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century y
Ryles - The Concept of Mind y
Moore - Proof of an External World y

### Ordinary Language Philosophy
Austin - How to Do Thing with Words y
Wittgenstein - Philsophical Investigations y

### Philosophy of Language Reading List
Frege - Grundlagen (Foundations of Arithmetic) y
Frege - On Sense and Reference y
Frege - Function and Concept, Concept and Object, The Thought y?
Frege Secondaries
Dummett - Frege: Philosophy of Language y
Currie - Frege
Beaney - Frege: Making Sense
Husserl - Logical Investigations y
Meinong - The Theory of Objects y
Russell - On Denoting y
Russell - Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description y
Russell - Logical Atomism
Russell Secondaries
Sainsbury - Russell
Zahavi - Husserl's Phenomenology
Wittgenstein - Tractatus y
Wittgenstein - Philosophical Investigations y
Responses to Russell
Strawson - On Referring y
Strawson - Individuals y
Donnellan - Reference & Definite Descriptions y
Carnap and the Positivists
Carnap - Meaning and Necessity y
Carnap - Logical Foundations of Probability y
Ayer - Language, Truth, and Logic y
Shlick - Meaning and Verification y
Berlin - Verificationism y
Positivism Secondaries
Misak - Verificationism y
Quine - Two Dogmas of Empiricism y
Quine - Word and Object y
Quine - Ways of Paradox y
Davidson, Dummett, McDowell, etc.

### Misc
Literary Theory
Raymond Williams
Levi Bryant - Difference and Givenness

### Formalism
Victor Schlovsky
Cleanth Brooks
de Saussure
Kaja Silverman
de Man
Cynthia Chase
Barbara Johnson
Jonathan Culler
Geoffrey Hartman
Wimsatt and Beardsley
E.D. Hirsch
John Searle
J.L. Austion

### Art History
Alain Badiou - The Century
Hal Foster - Bad New Days
Hal Foster - Art-Architecture Complex
Boris Groys - In The Flow
Yates McKee - Strike Art
Peter Osborne - Anywhere or Not At All
Jacques Ranciere - Aisthesis
Ranciere - The Emancipated Spectator
Barry Schwabsky - The Perceptual Guest

### Alternatively. Chronologically...
Plato - The Republic (370 BC)
Aristotle - Metaphysics (340 BC)
Descartes - Meditations on First Philosophy (1641)
Hobbes - Leviathan (1651)
Spinoza - Tractatus Theologico-Politicus (1670)
Locke - An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)
Berkeley - A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge (1710)
Leibniz - Monadology (1714)
Hume - Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748)
Rousseau - Social Contract (1762)
Kant - Critique of Pure Reason (1781)
Hegel - Phenomenology of Spirit (1807)
Kierkegaard - Either/Or (1843)
Marx - Das Kapital (1848)
Mill - Utilitarianism (1863)
Frege - Begriffsschrift (1879)
Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil (1886)
Husserl - Ideas (1913)
Russell - Our Knowledge of the External World (1914)
Wittgenstein - Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921)
Heidegger - Being and Time (1927)
Freud - Civilization and its Discontents (1929)
Popper - The Logic of Scientific Discovery (1934)
Sarte - Being and Nothingness (1943)
Wittgenstein - Philosophical Investigations (1953)
Quine - Word and Object (1960)
Derrida - Dissemination (1968)
Foucault - The Archaeology of Knowledge (1969)

### Secondary Expansion on Chronological List
Kirk - Anthology of Presocratic Philosophers
Anthology of Hellenist Philosophy
Augustine - Confessions
Bacon - Novum Organum
Machiavelli - The Prince
Montaigne - Essays
Feuerbach - The Essence of Christianity
McLellan's Marx Anthology
Gadamer - Truth and Method
Adorno and Horkheimer - Dialectic of Enlightenment
Habermas - Theory of Communicative Action/Legitimation Crisis
Sellars - Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind
Arendt - The Human Condition
Benjamin - Illuminations
Merleau-Ponty - The Phenomenology of Perception
Ryle - Concept of Mind
Strawson - The Bounds of Sense
de Beauvoir - The Second Sex
Althusser - For Marx
Fodor - Psychosemantics
Lytotard - The Postmodern Condition
Davidson - Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation
Rorty - Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature
MacIntyre - After Virtue
Badiou - Being and Event
Foucault and The Politics of Hearing

## Duncan Stuart via bird
Ranciere - The Future of The Image y
Ranciere - The Emancipated Spectator y
Schiller - On The Aesthetic Education of Man y
Panagia - Ranciere's Sentiments y
Nicolas Bourriard - The Exform y
T.J. Reed - Schiller
Sharpe - Friedrich Schiller y
Wilm - The Philosophy of Schiller y
Michael John Kooy - Coleridge Schiller and Aesthetic Education y
Nancy - The Speculative Remark (one of Hegel's bons mots)
Pinkard - Hegel's Phenomenology
Rensmann and Gandesha - Arendt and Adorno - Political and Philosophical Investigations y
Alasdair MacIntyre ed. - Hegel y
Salim Kemal - Kant's Aesthetic Theory - An Introduction y
Castoriadis - Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy y
Todd May - The Political Thought of Jacques Ranciere y
Ranciere - Disagreement y
Jay - Marxism and Totality y
Johnston - Badiou, Zizek, and Political Transformations y
Foucault - Aesthetics - Essential Works 1954-84 y
William Empson - Seven Types of Ambiguity y
J.L. Carr - A Month in The Country
Alain Badiou - The Communist Hypothesis y
Pankaj Mishra - Bland Fanatics
Althusser - Philosophy of The Encounter y
Boris Groys - The Total Art of Stalinism y
Postone - Time Labor and Social Domination y
John Roberts - The Necessity of Errors
Kennick - Art and Philosophy
Althusser - Essays in Self-Criticism y
Henry Miller - Tropic of Cancer y
Zizek - Hegel in a Wired Brain y
Althusser - Politics and History y
Zizek - Ranciere - The Politics of Aesthetics y
Ranciere - The Edges of Fiction y
Zizek - ... The Failed Absolute y
Farneth - Hegel's Social Ethics y
Funkenstein - Theology and The Social Imagination y
Benhabib - Exile, Statelessness, and Migration
E.M. Cioran - A Short History of Decay
Erdmut Wizisla - Benjamin and Brecht y
David Macey - The Lives of Michel Foucault
Hume - A Treatise of Human Nature y
Hobswam - Revolutionaries y
V.S. Naipaul - The Masque of Africa
W.G. Sebald - The Rings of Saturn y
Modiano - The Search Warrant
Vasily Grossman - A Writer at War
Edgar Snow - Red China Today
De Montaigne - The Essays: A Selection (Penguin Books) y
Edward Said - The World, The Text, and The Critic
Delia Owens - Where The Cradas Sing
Frederic Gros - Disobey!
Sarah Clift - Committing The Future To Memory
Somenscher - Before the Deluge
Lewis - Freedom and Tradition in Hegel
D.H. Lawrence - Life with a Capital L
Tiqqun - The Cybernetic Hypothesis
Beadrillard - The Agony of Power
Fredric Jameson - The Cultural Turn
Angela Davis - Women Race & Class
D.H. Lawrence - Sons and Lovers
Brecht de Smet - Gramsci on Tahrir
Ree, Ayers, Westoby - Philosophy and Its Past
Zizek - Living in The End Times
Merold Westphal - History and Truth in Hegel's Phenolmenology
Speight - Hegel, Literature, and The Problem of Agency
Kitk Wetters - The Opinion System
Benjamin - Berlin Childhood Circa 1900
Alain Badiou - Ethics - An Essay on the Understanding of Evil
Alain Badiou - Conditions
Simon Critchley - The Faith and The Faithless
Benjamin - Reflections
Benjamin - Illuminations
Antonio Negri - Time for Revolution
Fenves - Arresting Language
Alter - On Walter Benjamin
Fukuyama - The End of History and The Last Man
Jean-Luc Nancy - The Birth to Presence
Marjorie Garber - Academic Instincts
Max Pensky - Melancholy Dialectics
Peter Fenves - The Messianic Reduction
Alexander Solzhenitsyn - One Day in The Life of Ivan Denisovich
Nadezhda Krupskaya - Memories of Lenin
Andre Gorz - Socialism and Revolution
Diane Elson - Value - The Representation of Labour in Capitalism
Adorno and Horkheimer - Towards a New Manifesto
Hannah Arendt - The Origins of Totalitarianism
Lunn - Marxism & Modernism
Platonov - The Foundation Pit
NLB - Aesthetics and Politics
Hannah Arendt - The Promise of Politics
Junger - The Worker
Leszek Kolakowski - Modernity on Endless Trial
Arendt - The Human Condition
Lyotard - Lessons on The Analytic of The Sublime
Mario Perniola - 20th Century Aesthetics
Ranciere - The Politics of Aesthetics
Pierre Bourdieu - Distinction
Marcuse - The Aesthetic Dimension
Kant - Critique of Judgement
Ranciere - Aisthesis
Deleuze and Guattari - What is Philosophy?
Ranciere - Althusser's Lesson
Helen Palmer - Deleuze and Futurism
Arendt - The Life of The Mind
Arendt - The Political Thought
Carole Pateman - Participation and Democratic Theory
Kristin Ross - Communal Luxury
Sarte - Being and Nothingness
Bobbio - Liberalism and Democracy
Butler - Parting Ways - Jewishness and The Critique of Zionism
Lyotard - The Postmodern Condition
Heidegger - Kant and The Problem of Metaphysics
Lucien Goldmann - The Hidden God
Micahel Walker - The Paradox of Liberation
Siegfried Kracauer - The Salaried Masses
Nancy - Being Singular Plural
George Steiner - Language and Silence
Alistair Horne - A Savage War of Peace - Algeria 1954-1962
Butler - Subjects of Desire
Erwin Panotsky - Perspective as Symbolic Form
Althusser - On Marx
Goran Therborn - From Marxism to Post-Marxism?
Ellen Meiksins Wood - Democracy Against Capitalism - Reviewing Historical Materialism
Norman Geras - Marx and Human Nature - Refutation of a Legend
Simon Critchley - Infinitely Demanding - Ethics of Commitment, Politics of Resistance
Horkheimer - Critique of Instrumental Reason
Badiou - Ethics - An Essay On The Understanding of Evil
Etienne Balibar - Politics and The Other Scene
Althusser - Philosophy and The Spontaneus Philosophy of the Scientists
Nicos Poulantzas - State Power Socialism
Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe - Hegemony and Socialist Strategy
Althusser - The Spectre of Hegel
Ranciere - Hatred of Democracy
Lloyd - The Man of Reason
MacPherson - Possessive Individualism
John Ralston Saul - The Unconscious Civilization
Luckmann ed - Phenomenology and Sociology
Timothy Morton - Being Ecological
Juliet Mitchell - Psychoanalysis and Feminism
Ranciere - Figures of History
Horkheimer - Eclipse of Reason
Fromm - Marx's Concept of Man
Kant - The Moral Law
Wittgenstein - Major Works
Deleuze - Foucault
Althusser - Politics and History
Dews - Logics of Distintigration
Ranciere - On The Shores of Politics
Laclau - Emancipation
Butler, Laclau, Zizek - Contingency Hegemony Universality
Mouffe - The Return of The Political
Ranciere - The Future of The Image
Sarte - What is Subjectivity?
Critchley - The Faith of The Faithless
Ranciere - The Aesthetic Unconscious
Arrigghi, Hopkins and Wallerstein - Anti-Systemic Movements
Strauss - The Political Philosophy of Hobbes
Nancy Fraser and Axel Honneth - Redistribution or Recognition?
Walter Bejamin - Storyteller Essays
Fenves The Messianic Reduction - Walter Bejamin and The Shape of Time
Richard Sennett - Building and Dwelling
Faulkner - Light in August
Francis Fukuyma - The Origins of Political Order
Galvano Della Volpe - Critique of Taste
Arshinov - History of the Makhnovist Movement
Malabou - Ontology of The Accident
Poster - Existential Marxism in Postwar France
Marc Bloch - The Historian's Craft
Arendt - On Revolution
Benjamin - Illuminations
Arendt - The Promise of Politics
Nietzsche - Untimely Meditations
Berthold - The Ethics of Authorship
Max Weber - Charisma and Disenchantment
Tony Judt - When The Facts Change
Victor Serge - The Case of Comrade Tulayev
Homi Bhabha - The Location of Culture
Francis Fukuyama - The End of History and The Last Man
Fromm - The Fear of Freedom
Deborah Levy - The Cost of Living
Hobsbawm - Viva La Revolucion
Grimke - On Slavery and Abolitionism
Chiesa and Toscano - Between Nihilism and Biopolitics
Sam Gillespie - The Mathematics of Novelty
Ashton, Nicolapoulos, and Vassicopoulos - The Spirit of Age - Hegel and the Fate of Thinking
Martin Hagglund - This Life
Hayden White - Tropics of Discourse
Russell Shorto - Descartes' Bones
Peter Osborne - Anywhere or Not at All
Enresto Laclau - The Rhetorical Foundations of Society
The Idea of Communism Vol 1-3
Giacomo Marramao - The Passage West - Philoso[phy After the Age of the Nation State
Butler - The Force of Nonviolence
Alain Badiou - The Age of the Poets
Diane Elson - Value - The Representation of Labour in Capitalism
Baudrillard - Impossible Exchange
Claire Carlsile - Philosopher of The Heart
Christiana Spens - Shooting Hipsters
Richard Gilman-Opalsky - Specters of Revolt
Colin Cremin - Totalled
Jung - Existential Phenomenology and Political Theory - A Reader
Guattari - Three Ecologies
de Certau - The Practice of Everyday Life
Avital Ronell - Finitude's Score - Essays for The End of The Millenium
Clayton Crockett - Interstices of the Sublime
Lifschitz - The Crisis of Ugliness
Luce Irigaray - To Speak is Never Neutral
Ronell - The Test Drive
Foucault - History of Madness
John Berger - Hold Everything Dear
Edward Said - On Late Style
Irina Paperno - Stories of The Soviet Experience
Peter Nadas - Fire and Knowledge
Althusser - Machiavelli and Us
Jackie Wang - Carceral Capitalism
Frisch - Homo Faber
Steigler - Acting Out
Steigler - Technics and Time v.1
Steigler - Technics and Time v.2
Steigler - Technics and Time v.3
(actually, Steigler looks like an awesome guy to get into)
Kafka - Metamorphosis
Gillian Rose - Judaism and Modernity - Philosophical Essays
Kafka - The Essential Kafka
Kafka - Amerika
Butler - The Psychic Life of Power - Theories in Subjection
Terry Eagleton - The Ideology of The Aesthetic
Robert Walser - Selected Stories
Agamben - Homo Sacer
Peter Sloterdijk - Bubbles
Maurizio Lazzarato - Governing by Debt
Maurizio Lazzarato - The Making of the Indebted Man
Mark Fisher - Flatline Constructs
Thomas Ligotti - Songs of a Dead Dreamer and Grimscribe
Heidegger - Basic Writings
Heidegger - Being and Time
Bernstein - Adorno
Alison Ross ed - Jacques Ranciere and The Contemporary Scene
Mario Tronti - Workers and Capital
Ranciere - Proletarian Nights
Buck-Morss - The Dialectics of Seeing
Adorno - Kierkegaard
Habermas - The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity
Michel Bosquet - Capitalism and Crisis in Everyday Life
Perry Anderson - Considerations on Western Marxism
Perry Anderson - The H-Word
Nathan Ross - The Philosophy and Politics of Aesthetic Experience
Han - The Scent of Time
Melinda Cooper - Family Values
Ranciere - Staging the People
Ranciere - The Intellectual and His People
Ranciere - Dissensus y
Aristotle - Nicomachean Ethics
Norman Barry - Hayek's Serfdom Revisited
John D. Caputo - Hermeneutics
James Agee - Let Us Now Praise Famous Men
Nietzsche - The Gay Science
Andre Gorz - Farewell to The Working Class
Benjamin - The Arcades Project
Robert Conquest - The Great Terror - Stalin's Purge of the Thirties
Hans Fallada - Every Man Dies Alone
Deutscher - Stalin - A Political Biography
Honneht and Ranciere - Recognition or Disagreement
Levinas - Discovering Existence with Husserl and Heidegger
Alfred Schmidt - The Concept of Nature in Marx
Gillian Rose - The Melancholy Science
Peter Osborne - The Politics of Time
Fitzpatrick - The Russian Revolution
Plato - The Last Days of Socrates
Plato - The Republic
Aristotle - De Anima
Nietzsche - On the Advantage and Disadvantage of Everyday Life
Sarte - Critique of Dialectical Reason
Benjamin - One-Way Street
Coatzee - Elizabeth Costello
Coker - The Rise of The Civilizational State
Martin Luther King Jr. - All Labor Has Dignity
J.G. Ballard - Concrete Island
Morris - News from Nowhere and Other Writings
Ian Kershaw - Roller Coaster
Iris Murdoch - Existentialists and Mystics
Negri - Political Descartes
Gillian Rose - Hegel Contra Sociology
Edward Soja - Postmodern Geographies
Lucien Goldmann - Immanuel Kant
Derrida - The Politics of Friendship
Henri Lefebvre - Introduction to Modernity
Badiou - Metapolitics
Zizek - The Ticklish Subject
Asad Haider - Mistaken Identity
Mao - On Practice and Contradiction
Ranciere - The Intervals of Cinema
Borges - The Total Library 1922-1986
George Orwell - A Clergyman's Daughter
Freud - The Essentials of Psycho-Analysis
Lukacs - The Historical Novel
Michiko Kakutani - The Death of Truth
Plutarch - Fall of the Roamn Republic
Andrea Long Chu - Females
Byung-Chul Han - Topology of Violence
Thomas Moynihan - Spinal Catastrophism
Derrida - Of Grammatology
Nissim Momigliano - Continuity and Change in Psychoanalysis
Bernstein - The Fate of Art
Deleuze - Essays Critical and Clinical
Habermas - Between Facts and Norms
Lukacs - The Culture of People's Democracy
Jason Read - The Politics of Transindividuality
Lyotard - The Inhuman
Lyotard - Heidegger and The Jews
Lytard - Libindinal Ecoonomy
Sennett - The Culture of the New Capitalism
David Harvey - Companion to Marx's Capital
Carl Schmitt - The Concept of the Political
Badiou - Logics of Worlds
Sylvain Lazarus - Anthropology of the Name
Wendy Brown - States of Injury
Peter Osborne - Socialism and The Limits of Liberalism
Ranciere - Disagreement
Andre Gorz - The Traitor
Stathis Kouvelakis - Philosophy and Revolution - From kant to Marx
Huntington - American Politics - Promis of Disharmony
Jessice Whyte - The Morals of The Market
Arno J. Mayer - Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?
L.I. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal
Kant - Political Writings
PF Strawson - The Bounds of Sense
Ernesto Laclau - On Populist Reason
Walter Rodney - How Europe Underdeveloped Africa
Walter Rodney - The Groundings with My Brothers
Walter Rodney - The Russian Revolution
Althusser - Lessons on Rousseau
Foucault - Discipline and Punish
Deleuze - Logic of Sense
Deleuze and Guattari - A Thousand Plateaus
Deleuze and Guattari - Anti-Oedipus
Ted Geier - Kafka's Nonhuman Form
Haarzig and Hoerder - What is Migration History?
Nathan Gardels - Renovating Democracy - Governing in the Age of Globalization
Jim Josefson - Hannah Arendt's Aesthetic Politics
Stanley Cavell - Conditions Handsome and Unhandsome
Ree - Proletarian Philosophers
Dagmar Barnouw - Visible Spaces
Sugarman - Freud on The Acropolis
Flathman - Pluralism and Liberal Democracy
Morgan ed. - Classic of Moral and Political Theory
Chalmers - Philosophy of Mind - Classical and Contemporary Readings
Nabokov - Pnin
Laszlo Krasznahorkai - Seiobo There Below
James Baldwin - Notes of a Native Son
Kafka - The Castle
Kafka - Metamorphosis and Other Stories
Kafka - Wedding Preparations in The Country and Other Stories
Adorno - Prisms
Samuel Stein - Capital City
Descartes - Meditations and Other Physical Writings
Williams - Descartes - The Project of Pure Enquiry
Zizek - Tarrying with the Negative
Zizek - Less Than Nothing - Hegel and the Shadow of Dialectical Materialism
Kant - Critique of Judgement
Jaspers - Kant
Schouls - Descartes and The Enlightenment
Kant - Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
Cambridge Companion to Kant
Richard L. Velkey - Freedom and The End of Reason
Sullivan - Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory
Allison - Kant's Theory fo Freedom
Allison - Kant's Transcendental Idealism
Lenin - Soeeches at Congresses of The Communist International
Lynn Hunt - Inventing Human Rights
David McLellan - The Younf Hegelians and Karl Marx
Stathis Kouvelakis - Philosophy and Revolution - From Kant to Marx
Derrida - The Gift of Death
Daniel Paul Schreber - Memoirs of my Nervoud Illness
Freud - The Unconscious
Meiborg and Van Tuinen - Deleuze and The Passions
Habermas - Knowledge and Human Interest
Ranciere - The Names of History
Janet Malcolm - Psychoanalysis - The Impossible Profession
Benjamin Kunkel - Indecision
Zadie Smith - White Teeth
Marion - Being Given
Saul Bellow - Mr. Sammler's Planet
Victor Serge - Birth of Our Power
Spinoze - Political Treatise/Theologico-Political Treatise
Agamben - Opus Dei - An Archeology of Duty
Bernstein - The New Constellation
Baudrillard - The Gulf War Did Not Take Place
Dora Apel - War, Culture, and the Contest of Images
Avineri - Social and Politicla Thought of Karl Marx
Hegel - Philosophy of Right
Alice Herdan-Zuckmeyer - The Farm in The Green Mountains
Paul Tillich - Dynamics of Faith
Pierre Teilhard de Chardin - The Heart of Matter
Roth - The Anatomy Lesson
Bernard Lewis - The Crisis of Islam
Sigizmund Krzhizhanovsky - The Return of Munchausen
Heidegger - What Is Called Thinking?
Kristeva - Passions of Our Time
Thomas Johnson ed. - Final Harvest -Emily Dickinson
Poole - Towards Deep Subjectivity
Roberto Bolano - 2666
Gershom Scholem - Walter Benjamin - The Story of A Friendship
Sigmund Frud - Collected Paper (all volumes)
Rousseau - The Social Contract
Linda Nochlin - Realism
Kermode - Romantic Image
Amartya Sen - Development as Freedom
Alfred Neumeyer - The Search for Meaning in Modern Art
Julia Kristeva - This Increidble Need to Believe
Tanizaki - The Makioka Sisters
James Salter - A Sport and A Pastime
William Gaddis - Carpenter's Gothic
Pimo Levi - Survival in Auschwitz
Natalia Ginsberg - All Our Yesterdays
Isadore Twersky - A Maimonides Reader
Levinas - Difficult Freedom - Essays in Judaism
Butler - Antigone's Claim
Jean-Luc Nancy - Adoration
Wendy Brown - Walled States, Waning Sovereignty
Bernard Berensen - Aesthetics and History
Hermann Grab - The Town Park and Other Stories
Gordon - Adorno and Existence
Adorno - The Positivist Dispute in German Sociology
Michel Foucault - Hermeneutics of the Subject
Rockhill & Watts ed. - Jacques Ranciere y
Hage - Debating Race - Is Racism an Environmental Threat?
Jacob Burkhardt - The State as a Work of Art
Machiavelli - The Discourses
Saint Augustine - Confessions
Isaiah Berlin - Russian Thinkers
John Gray - Enlightnenment's Wake
Brecht - Political Theory
Alan Ryan - On Politics
John Gray - Gray's Anatomy
John Gray - The Soul of The Marionette
John Gray - Black Mass
Antonio Gramsci - Selections from the Prison Notebooks
J.R. Ackerley - Hindoo Holiday - An Indian Journal
Jose Saramago - Blindness
Kenneth Clark - The Nude
Hal Foster - Postmodern Culture
Robert Hanna - Rationality and Logic
Elias Canetti - The Conscience of Words and Earwitness
Gregor Von Rezzori - An Ermine in Czernopol
Gregor Von Rezzori - Memoirs of an Anti-Semite
Gregor Von Rezzori - The Orient-Express
Tony Judt - Post-War - A History of Europe Since 1945
Perry Anderson - The Origins of Postmodernity
Fredric Jameson - Postmodernism or The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism
Victor Serge - Conquered City
Edward Said - Orientalism
Don DeLillo - Underworld
Robert Hughes - The Fatal Shore
Mast and Cohen - Film Theory and Criticism
Yukio Mishima - Thirst for Love
Larissa MacFarquhar - Strangers Drowning
Anna Kavan - Ice
Sir Thomas Brown - Religio Medici and Irne-Buriall
Gillian Rose - Love's Work
Lionel Trilling - The Liberal Imagination
Nietzsche - Anti-Education
Dezso Kosztolanyi - Skylark
Georg Christoph Lichtenberg - The Waste Books
Rebecca West - The Fountain Overflows
William H. Gass - On Being Blue
Simone Weil - On the Abolition of All Political parties
A.J.A. Symons - The for Corvo
Natsume Soseki - The Gate
Berlin Alexanderplatz - Alfred Doblin
Sarte - We Have Only This Life To live - Selected Essays 1939-1975
Tatyana Tolstaya - The Slynx
Intzar Husain - Basti
Richard Mitchell - Thought Control in Pre-war Japan
Marcuse - Soviet Marxism - A Critical Analysis
Nico Poulantzas - Fascism and Dictatorship
George Lichtheim - Imperialism
Bernal Diaz - The Conquest of New Spain
Elias Canetti - The Conscience of Word and Earwitness
Elias Canetti - The Torch In My Ear
Marcuse - The Aesthetic Dimension
Isaac Deutscher - Marxism in Our Time
Salman Rushdie - The Satanic Verses
Marc Chagall - My Life
Robert Dessaix - Night Letters
Erich Fromm - To Hae or To Be?
Richard McGregor - The Party
Michael Walzer - The Paradox of Liberation
Byung-Chul Han - Psychopolitics
Ernest Mandel - The Formation of the Economic Thought of karl marx - 1843 to Capital
Adorno - In Search of Wagner
Laclau - Emancipations
Engels - The Origin of The Family, Private Property and the State
Rainer Maria Rilke - Letters to A Young Poet
Wilfred Thesiger - Arabian Sands
W.G. Sebald - The Rings of Saturn
Samuel Moyn - Human Rights and The Uses of History
Malcolm Lowry - Under the Volcano
Coetzee - Waiting For The Barabarians
Robert Goodman - After The Planners
Fanon - Black Skin, White Masks
Thomas Mann - Doctor Faustus
Thomas Mann - Confessions of A Confidence Man
Judith Butler - Frames of War
Judith Butler - Precarious Life
Nietzsche - The Will to Power
Agamben - The Open - Man and Animal
Micehlle Barret - The Anti-Social Family
Juliet Mitchell - Women's Estate
Andre Gorx - Critique of Economic Reason
Sebastiano Timpanaro - The Freudian Slip
Fredric Jameson - Brecht and Method
Etienne Balibar & Immanuel Wallerstein - Race, Nation, Class
Hal Foster - Design and Crime
Benjamin - The Origin of German Tragic Drama
Simon Critchley - Ethics, Politics, Subjectivity
Terry Eagleton - Wlater Benjamin or Towards a Revolutionary Criticism
Baudrillard - The Transparency of Evil
Virilio - Open Sky
Derrida et al - Ghostly Demarcation
Ahmad - In Theory
Dews - Logics of Disintegration
Agamben - Infancy and History
Adorno et al - Aestehtics and Politics
Zizek - The Metastases of Enjoyment
Williams - Culture and Materialism
Rose - Sexuality in The Field of Vision
Derrida - The Politics of Friendship
Adorno - Minima Moralia
Joan Copjec - Read My Desire - Lacan Against the Historicists
Helena Sheeham - Marxism and the Philosophy of Science - A Critical History
Micahel Lowy - Redemption and Utopia
Isaac Deutscher - The Non-Jewish Jew
Jacqueline Rose - The Last Resistance
Baudrillard - Screened Out
Said - Freud and The Non-European
Stirner - The Ego and Its Own
Simon Critchley - Infinitely Demanding
Feuerbach - The Fiery Brook
Maurice Godelier - Rationality and Irrationality in Economics
Karl Korsch - Marxism and Philosophy
V.N. Voloshinov - Freudianism - A Marcist Critique
Maurice Godelier - The Mental and The Material
Lefebvre - Introduction to Modernity
Alenka Zupancic - Ethics of The Real
M.I. Finley - The Ancient Greeks
M.I. Finley - The World of Odysseus
M.I. Finley - Aspects of Antiquity
Rosa Luzembourg - The Accumulation of Capital
Perec - Species of Spaces and Other Pieces
Reinhold - Letters on the Kantian Philosophy
Bernstein - Against Voluptuous Bodies
Sianne Ngai - Theory of The Gimmick

## David F.A. Hoinski via bird

Micahel Lind - The New Class War
Susan Neiman - Moral Clarity
Werner Marx - Heidegger and the Tradition
Andrea Wulf - The Invention of Nature
Sarah Ralph - Archeology of Violence
Omri Boehm - Kant's Critique of Spinoza
Vernon W. Cisney - Deleuze and Derrida - Difference and The Power of The Negative
Jacques Barzun - Classic, Romantic, Modern
Jacques Barzun - Darwin, Marx, Wagner
John Dewey - School and Society
Le Rochefoucauld - Maxims
Sunkara - The ABCs of Socialism
Allen and Goodard - Education and Philosophy - An Introduction
Hughes, Sharrock, Martin - Understanding Classic Sociology
Plato - The Symposium
Ficino - Plato on Love
Guthrie - Socrates
Aristotle - Politics
Aristotle - Art of Rhetoric
Ziman - Prometheus Bound
Levinas - The Problem of Ethical Metaphysics
Reid - An Enquiry into the Human Mind
Latour - Facing Gaia
Mugglestone - Oxford History of English
Boris Groys - In The Flow
Heidegger - History of The Concept of Time
Waite - Nietzsche's Corps/e
Erich Heller - The Importance of Nietzsche
Jurist - Beyond Hegel and Nietzsche
Luc Ferry and Alain Renaut - Why We Are Not Nietzscheans
Schrift - Why Nietzsche Still?
Micahel Allen Gillespie - Nihilism before Nietzsche
Paul Berman - A Tale of Two Utopias
Lasch - The Agony of The American Left
Sarte - Search for A New Method
Nietzsche - The Birth of Tragedy
Nietzsche - The Case for Wagner
The Portable Hannah Arendt
R.D. Laing - The Divided Self
Hegel's Aesthetics - Lectures on Fine Art (trans. Know)
Spender - English and American Sensibilities
Kant - Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science
Herbert Read - A Concise History of Modern Sculpture
Forster - Herder's Philosophy
The Annotated Kant - Cahn ed.
Kant - Practical Philosophy
Hofstadter - The Paranoid Style in American Politics
Allison - The New Nietzsche
Kolakowski - Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing?
TS Eliot - The Waste Land and Other Poems
Fromm - Marx's Concept of Man
Pippin - Hegel's Idealism
Roland Barthes - Roland Barthes
Marilynne Robinson - What Are We Doing Here?
Blake - No Peace Like Utopia
de Man - Blindness and Insight
Rorty - Consequences of Pragmatism
Rorty - Contingency, Irony, Solidarity
Yates - Giordano Bruno and The Hermetic Tradition
Lingis - The Imperative
Shrobe - Elegant Failure
Green ed. - Leo Strauss on Maimonides - The Complete Writings
Rubin - Eclipse of Man
Jay Lampert - Simultaneity and Delay
Steven Connor - The Madness of Knowledge
Simmel - The Problems of The History of Philosophy
Brown - The Body and Society
Rodl - Self-Consciousness and Objectivity
Sara Ahmed - The Cultural Politics of Emotion
Nishitani Keiji - Nishida Kitaro - The Man and His Thought
Paul Mason - Postcapitalism - A Guide To The Future
Bonjour - In Defense of Pure Reason
Buxton ed. - The Philosopher Queens
Black ed - Latin America - Its Problems and Its Promise
Kierkegaard - The Lily in The Field and The Bird in The Air
Steiner - Language and Silence
Lloyd - Greek Science after Aristotle
Austin - Philosophical Papers
Coetzee - Disgrace
Doestoevsky - The Knot
Lydia Davis - Essays
Schutz - On Phenomenology and Social Relations
Rossenstock - Out of Revolution
Rosen - The Mask of Enlightenment
Bergmann - On Being Free
Toulmann - The Uses of Argument
Owen - Nietzsche Politics and Modernity
Caputo - Against Ethics
Kaufmann - Nietzsche
Clark - Nietzsche on Ethics and Politics
Goodman - American Philosophy before Pragmaticism
Levinas - Basic Philosophical Writings
Miller - Topographies
Mander - Four Arguments for The Lumination of Television
Weber - On Charisma and Institution Building
Deutsch - Poetry in Our Time
Svevo - Confession of Zeno
Mazlish - The Riddle of History
Steiner - In Bluebeard's Castle
Defoe - A Journal of The Plague Year
Todorov - Facing The Extreme
Watts - Nature Man and Women
Diderot - Jacques the Fatalist
Bettleheim - The Uses of Enchantment
Pessoa - A Little Larger Than The Entire Universe
Carlyle - Selected Writings
Collingwood - The Idea of History
Veblen - The Theory of The Leisure Class
Weller and Warren - Theory of Literature
Blachot - The Writing of The Disaster
Eco - Serendipities
Temple Grandin - Thinking in Pictures
Mark Greif - Against Everything
Hofstadter - Anti-Intellectualism in American Life
Hofstadter - The American Political Tradition
Huxley - Brave New World and Brave New World Revisited
Grandin - The Autistic Brain
Sheshtov - Athens and Jerusalem
Gary Kamiva - Cool Gray City of Love
Appiah - The Honor Code
Lynne Segal - Making Trouble - Life and Poltiics
Marquand - In Defense of The Accidental
Lyotard - Why Philosophize?
James - Daisy Miller
Epicurus - The Art of Happiness
Lucretius - On The Nature of The Universe
Plato - Protagoras and Meno
Plato - The Laws
Narrative of The Life of Frederick Douglass
Boman - Hebrew Thought Compared with Greek
Gazamian - A History of French Literature
Jaeger - Aristotle
Mary Midgley - Heart and Mind
Genevieve Lloyd - Spinoza and The Ethics
Aristotle - Poetics
Confucious - The Analects
Godwin - An Essay Concerning Political Justice
Wendell Barry - The Peace of Wild Things
Benjamin Kunkel - Utopia of Rust
Peter Frase - Four Futures
Hoffman - The Golden Pot and Other Tales
Savage - The Story of The Second World War
Langland - Piers Plowman
Petrov - The Twelve Chairs
Norell - Reaping the Whirlwind
Schama - Dead Certainties
Casanova - Story of My Life
Morris - News from Nowhere and Other Writings
Kuhn - The Structure of The Scientific Revolution
Fayerabend - Science in A Free Society
Nidditch - Philosophy of Science
John Henry - The Scientific Revolution and The Origins of Modern Science
Papineau - The Philosophy of Science
Rilke - Selected Poetry
Auden - Selected Poems
Baudelaire - Selected Writings on Art
John Ruskin - Unto This Last and Other Writings
Polybius - The Histories
James - In The Cage and Other Tales
Seneca - Letters from A Stoic
Tacitus - The Histories
The Bhagavad Gita
The Rig Veda
The Upanishads
Neil Postman - Amusing Ourselves to Death
Momigliano - The Development of Greek Biography
Mauss - The Gill
Dewey - The Public and Its Problems
Bernet ed. - An Introduction to husserlian Phenomenology
Antanas Skema - White Shroud
Cambridge Companion to Hermenuetics
Keiji Nishitani - Reliogion and Nothingness
Derrida and Husserl
Peter Godfrey-Smith - Other Minds
The Feynman Lectures on Physics
Louise Gluck - Poems 1962-2012
McCoy - Image and Argument in Plato's Republic
Nicholas D. Smith - Summoning Knowledge in Plato's Republic
Tomasello - Becoming Human
Kosman - The Activity of Being
Bunge - Findind Philosophy in Social Science
Huessy - Judaism despite Christianity
Janetta Rebold Benton - Art of The Middle Ages
Michael Archer - Jeff Koons - One Ball Total Equilibrium Tank
Tawney - Religion and The Rise of Capitalism
Leslie Orrey and Rodney Milnes - Opera
Tucker - Journey of The Universe
Franco Cesati - The Medici
Frank Kermode - Forms of Attention
Kenneth Frampton - Modern Architecture - A Critical History
Bourdieu and Haacke - Free Exchange
Mary Midgley - What is Philosophy for?
Tar - The Frankfurt School
Barthes - Elements of Semiology
Fowlie - Mallarme
Zeitel - Ludwig Wittgenstein
Tomlin - The Oriental Philosophers
Tomlin - The Western Philosophers
Barthes - Empire of Signs
Kotsko - Why We Love Sociopaths - A Guide to Late Capitalist Television
Wendell Barry - The UNsettling of America
Levinas - Totality and Infinity
Muller - Germainia
Foucault - Politics of Truth
Virilio - Pure War
Foucault - Remarks on Marx
J.E. Lovelock - Gaia
David Cerbone - Existentialism
Lenin - The State and Revolution
Deutscher - The Unfolding of Language
Soames - The Ananlytic Tradition in Philosophy (all volumes)
Cottingham trans. - Descartes - Philosophical Writings (all volumes)
Nightingale - Spectacles of Truth in Classical Greek Philosophy
Patocka - Plato and Europe
Viktor Schlovsky - Theory of prode
Fontenelle - Foundations on the Plurality of Worlds
Himelick - The Enchiridion of Erasmus
George Steiner - Extraterritorial
Shorey - What Plato Said
Quine - From A Ligical Point of View
Connor - A Philsophy of Sport
Roy Porter - The Creation of The Modern World
Moritz Schlick - Problems of Ethics
C.J. Misak - Verificationism
Anil Gupta - Empiricisma and Experience
Paul Studtmann - The Foundations of Aristotle's Categorical Theme
Benjamin - On The Origin of the German Traumspiel
Goethe - Poetry and Truth
Peter Gray - Art and Act
Anthony Weston - A Practical Companion to Ethics
George Saunders - Lincoln in The Bardo
Simon May - The Power of Cute
The Viking Portable Library - Romantic Poets
Papillon - Comparative Philology Applied to Greek and Latin Inflections
Halleck - History of American Literature
Sinclair Lewis - It Can't Happen here
Zizek - Organs Without Bodies
Milton Meyer - They Thought They Were Free
Stavru ed - Socrates and The Socratic Dialogue
David Livingstone Smith - On Humanity
Iris Murdoch - Metaphysics as A Guide to Morals
Hanson - Decadence and Catholicism
Derrida - Paper Machine
Descartes - The World and Other Writings
Desmond - Perplexity and Ultimacy
Greenblatt - Learning to Curse
Reiman - The Rich Get Richer and The Poor Get Prison
Hooks - Teaching Community
Hooks - Teaching to Transgress
Hooks - Teaching Critical Thinking
Celenze - The Lost Italian Renaissance
Mackenzie - Plato on Punishment
Kennedy - The Well of Being
Mohr Lone - The Philosophical Child
Zizek/Schelling - The Abyss of Freedom/Ages of World
Mortimer Adler - Philosopher at Large
Schutz - Collected Papers/The Problem of Social Reality
Poulin ed. - Contemporary American Poetry
Arendt - Love and Saint Augustine
Richard Sorabji - The Philosophy of The Commentators (mv)
Derrida - Psyche - Inventions of The Other (mv)
Brandom - Tales of the Mighty Dead
Olney - Metaphors of the Self
Arendt - The Life ofThe Mind
Crowell - The Devil's Dictionary
Dworkin - Freedoms Law
White - Philosophy, The Federalist, and The Constitution
Huntington - Who Are We?
Nash - The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America
Bobonich - Plato's Laws
The Confucian progress
Hammermeister - The German Aesthetic Tradition
Kitcher - The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge
Camus - Notebooks 1951-1959
Franco Moretti - The Way of The World
Catherine Drinker Bowe - Francis Bacon - The Temper of A Man
Wallace Shawn - Essays
Marilynne Robinson - The Givenness of Things
Lukacs - The Historical Novel
White - Science and Sentiment in America
Tom Wolfe - From Bauhaus to Our House
Wallace - The Logic of Hegel
Unesco - The Teaching of Philsophy
Miller/Findlay - Hegel's Philosophy of Nature
Anscombe and Geach - Three Philosophers
Collingwood - An Essay on Philsophical Method
Holzwege - Martin Heidegger
Ortega and Gasset - Meditations on Quixote
Camus - Youthful Writings
Herodotus - The History
Feuerbach - Priciples of The Philosophy of The Future
Clive James - Cultural Amnesia
Nicholas Ostler - Ad Infinitum
Jonathan Ree - Witcraft
Soames - The World Philosophy Made
Nabokov - Speak Memory
Lasch - The Minimal Self
Virginia Woole - Collected Essays
The Complete Poems of Percy Bysshe Shelley
Zizek - Sex and The Failed Absolute
Barthes - The Fashion System
Allen - Education and Equality
Wolin - Politics and Vision
Alva Noe - Strange Tools
Nord - Does God Make A Difference?
Hofstadter - Social Darwinism in American Thought
Marcel Detienne - The Masters of Truth in Archaic Greece
Micahel Kimmel - Angry White Men
Ryan J. Johnson - The Deleuze-Lucretius Encounter
Gildin ed. - Ten Essays from Leo Strauss
Wolfgang Iser - The Act of Reading
Emily Wilson - The Death of Socrates
D'Angour - The Greeks and The New
Walter Pater - Plato and Platonism
Philippa Foot - Natural Goodness
Daniel Dennett - Consciousness Explained
V.S. Pritchett - Compelte Collected Essays
Baudrillard - Symbolic Exchange and Death
Nietzsche - Early Greek Philosophy and Other Essays
Debus - The Chemical Philosophy
Russell - The Philosophy of Leibniz
Wittgenstein - Philsophical Grammar
Rauch - Kindly Inquisitors
Singer - George Santayana - Literary Philosopher
Gunter Grass - The Box
Byung-Chul Han - The Agony of Eros
Wolfgang Iser - How To Do Theory
Wallace Shawn - Night Thoughts
Carol Andersen - White Rage
Marshall Berman - All That is Solid Melts Into Air
Kosman - The Activity of Being
Guthrie - History of Greek Philosophy
Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Political Thought
Staurt Hampshire - Thought and Action
Nadler - Spinoza's Heresy
Tiqqun - Introduction to Civil War
Baudrillard - The Agony of Power
Tiqqun - This Is Not A Program
Rodriguez - The Femicide Machine
The Invisible Committee - To Our Friends
Christian Marazzi - The Violence of Financial Capitalism
Gerald Raunig - A Thousand Machines
The Invisible Committee - The Coming Insurrection
Franco Berardi - The Uprising
The Invisible Committee - Now
Raunig - Factories of Knowledge
Sloterdijk - Nietzsche Apostle
Boehner - Medieval Logic
Heine - On The History of Religion and Philosophy in Germany
Singh - Unthinking Mastery
Fuller - Philosophy, Rhetoric, and the End of Knowledge
Locke - An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Todorov - Introduction to Poetics
Shapiro - Nietzsche's Earth
Berman - Law and Revolution (mv)
Brunschwig - A Guide to Greek Thought
Kostner - Philosophy of Cognitive Neuroscience
Bubner - The Innovations of Idealism
Weintraub - The Value fo The Individual
Heidegger - Introduction to Philosophy/Thinking and Poetizing
Firchow - Friedrich Schlegel's Lucinde and The Fragments
Lee ed. - Philosophy of Language - Key Thinkers
Political and Social Essays by Paul Ricoeur
Morris - The Scholar Denied - W.E.B. DuBois and The Birth of Modern Sociology
Rosenzweig - Understanding the Sick and the Healthy
Ricoeur - Interpretation Theory
Heath - Ancient Philosophical Poetics
Gerson - Ancient Epistemology
Cornford - From Religion to Philosophy
More - Utopia
Goldmann - The Philosophy of The Enlightenment
Hegel - Early Theological Writings
Visker - Michel Foucault - Genealogy as Critique
Sheehan - Anarchism
Girard - Deceit, Desire, and The Novel
Marilynne Robinson - The Death of Adam
Lowith - Meaning in History
Cornford - The Unwritten Philosophy
Gadamer - The Beginning of Knowledge
Scheffler - Science and Subjectivity
Sarte - The Transcendence of The Ego
Bloom - The Anxiety of Influence
Deleuze - Nietzsche and Philosophy
Hadot - The Veil of Isis
Brobjer - Nietzsche's Philosophical Context
Abbey - Nietzsche's Middle Period
Fuller - Humanity 2.0
Plant - Hegel
Shklar - Freedom and Independence
Brown - The Cult of The Saints
Gadamer - Hegel's Dialectic
Culler - Roland Barthes
Jonas - The Imperative of Responsibility
Strauss - On Plato's Symposium
Kenny - Ancient Philosophy
Heidegger - Bremen and Freiburg Lectures
Rose - Dialectic of Nihilism
Hadot - Philosophy as a Way of Life
Benson - Essays on The Philosophy of Socrates
Strauss - Hobbe's Critique and Other Writings
Bordieu - Language and Symbolic Power
Dunn - Western Political Theory in the Face of The Future
Hegel - The Science of Logic
Rothko - The Artist's Reality
Schumacher - Small is Beautiful
Gadamer - The Enigma of Health
Isaac - Arendt Camus and Modern Rebellion
McCall - Transforming Thinking
Barrett - Why is That Art?
Bataille - Literature and Evil
Cambridge Companion to Logical Positivism
Buck-Morss - Hegel, Haiti, and Universal History
Camus - Resistance Rebellion and Death
Lukacs - Goethe and His Age
Francois Guizot - Historical Essays and Lectures
Reid - Inquiry and Essays
Lionel Trilling - The Opposing Self
Bruno - Cause Principle and Unity
Auerbach - Mimesis
Trilling - The Liberal Imagination
Hermann Cohen - Religion of Reason
Ernst Cassirer - Kant's Life and Thought
Rodl - Self Consciousness and Objectivity
Commager - The American Mind
Adam Morton - On Evil
Gordon Belot - Geometric Possibility
Read - Thinking About Logic
Welsford - The Fool
Dewey - Reconstruction in Philosophy
Marcuse - From Luther to Popper
Levi - The Drowned and The Saved
Finley - Ancient Slavery and Modern Ideology
Adorno - The Stars Down to Earth
Simone Weil - The Need for Roots
Karl Popper - Unended Quest
Popper - The Logic of Scientific Discovery
Simone Weil - Gravity and Grace
Mary Douglas - Purity and Danger
Simone Weil - Oppression and Liberty
G. Wilson Knight - The Wheel of Fire
Iris Murdoch - The Sovereignty of Good
Frances Yates - The Rosicrucian Enlightenment
Alasdair MacIntyre - A Short History of Ethics
I.A. Richards - Principles of Literary Criticism

# From Luxpris@Merveilles
Naomi Klein's Shock Doctrine
Herman & Chomsky's Manufacturing Consent
Fromm's Escape from Freedom
Kropotkin's Anarchism: A Collection of Revolutionary Writings
Bookchin's Modern Crisis
Goodman's Drawing the Line

# Miscellaneous pull from Philosophy bird
Andrew Cole - The Birth of Theory
Giambattista Vico - New Science
Elizabeth Humphreys - How Labour Built Neoliberalism
David McNally - Monsters on The Market
Ebun Joseph - Critical Race Theory and Inequality in The Labour Market
Ellen Meiksins Wood - Origins of Capitalism
Kropotkin - Mutual Aid
Kropotkin - The Conquest of Bread
Nestor Makhno - The Struggle Against The State and Other Essays
David Harvey - Rebel Cities
bell hooks - yearning
Svetlana Boym - The Future of Nostalgia
Susan Sontag - Against Interpretation
Andreas Huyssen - Present Pasts - Urban Palimpsests and The Politics of Memory
Benjamin - Origin of The German Traumspiel
Jameson - The Political Unconscious
Eve Sedgeiwck - The Coherence of Gothic Conventions
Serafinski - Blessed is The Flame
Emma Goldman - Anarchism and Other Essays
Jacob Blumenfeld - All Things Are Nothing to Me
EE Evans-Pritchard - Withcraft, Oracles, and Magic Among The Azande
Beaudrillard - Seduction
Carlo Ginzburg - The Cheese and The Worm
Beata Stawarska - Saussure's Linguistics, Structuralism, and Phenomenology
Philip Goldstein - Post-Marxist Theory
Taylor and Francis Group - Historical Traces and Future Pathways of Poststructuralism
Rosalind Krauss - The Originality of The Avant-Garde and Other Myths
Peter Osborne - Anywhere or Not at All
Mary Ann Doane - The Emergence of Cinematic Time
Grace Jantzen - Becoming Devine - Towards A Feminist Philosophy of Religion
Christopher Johnson - System and Writing in The Philosophy of Jacques Derrida
Daniel Dennett - Intuition Pumps and Other Thinking Tools
Hustvedt ed - The Decadent Reader
Jameson - Late Marxism
Reading Capital - The Complete Edition (Verso)
Andrew Collier - Critical Realism
Dominic Fox - Cold World
Anthony Morgan ed - The Kantian Catastrophe?
R.G. Collingwood - An Essay on Philosophical Method
Moltke Gram - The Transcendental Turn
Luce Irigaray - Speculum of The Other Women
Paul Picoeur - Freud and Philosophy
Jameson - Representing Capital
Pronzini and Adrian - Hard-Boiled
Northtrop Frye - Anatomy of Criticism
Dahlstrom ed - Interpreting Heidegger
Baudrillard - The Perfect Crime
Baudrillard - In The Shadow of Silent Majorities
Baudrillard - Telemorphosis
Baudrillard - The Ecstacy of Communication
Baudrillard - The System of Objects
Baudrillard - Agony of Power
Baudrillard - The Vital Illusion
Baudrillard - The Intelligence of Evil
Baudrillard - The Consumer Society
Sankar Mutru - Enlightenment Against Empire
Writings of Rosa Luxembourg
Thomas Sankara - Women's Liberation and The African Freedom Struggle
Richard Rothstein - The Color of law
Zizek - Welcome to The Desert of The Real
Davis - Are Prisons Obsolete?
Byron Reeves - The Media Equation
David Gunkel - The Machine Question
David Gunkel - Robot Rights
David Gunkel - On Remixology
Graham Harman - Object-Oriented Ontology - A New Theory of Everything
Richard Wollheim - Art and Its Objects

## Wood on German Idealists
Allen Wood - Kant's Ethical Thought
Allen Wood - Hegel's Ethical Thought
Allen Wood - Fichte's Ethical Thought

## 87 Texts Every Critical Theorists Needs to Read

### Kant, Idealism, and Nietzsche:
Kant - Critique of Pure Reason
Kant - Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals
Fichte - An Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation
Hegel - The Phenomenology of Spirit
Hegel - Philosophy of History
Schopenhauer - The World as Will and Representation
Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil
Nietzsche - On the Genealogy of Morals
Nietzsche - Twilight of the Idols
### Marxism:
Marx - Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844
Marx - Theses on Feuerbach
Marx - The German Ideology
Marx - Capital
Lukacs - History and Class Consciousness
Gramsci - The Prison Notebooks
### Phenomenology:
Husserl - The Crisis of the European Sciences
Heidegger - Being and Time
Merleau-Ponty - Phenomenology of Perception
### Structuralism:
Saussure - Course on General Linguistics
Levi-Strauss - Tristes Tropiques
Barthes - Mythologies
### Psychoanalysis:
Freud - The Interpretation of Dreams
Freud - Totem and Taboo
Freud - Beyond the Pleasure Principle
Freud - Civilization and its Discontents
Jung - Man and His Symbols
Lacan - Ecrits
Lacan - Seminars XI: The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis
### Frankfurt School:
Benjamin - "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction"
Fromm - The Fear of Freedom
Horkheimer - "Traditional and Critical Theory"
Horkheimer and Adorno - The Dialectic of Enlightenment
Adorno - Minima Moralia
Marcuse - Eros and Civilization
Marcuse - The One-Dimensional Man
Adorno - Negative Dialectics
Habermas - The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere
Habermas - The Theory of Communicative Action
### Other:
Bataille - The Accursed Share
Bataille - Visions of Excess
Debord - The Society of the Spectacle
Vaneigem - The Revolution of Everyday Life
### Poststructuralism/postmodernism:
Barthes - Image/Music/Text
Foucault - The History of Madness
Foucault - The Birth of the Clinic
Foucault - Discipline & Punish
Foucault - The History of Sexuality
Derrida - Of Grammatology
Derrida - Writing and Difference
Derrida - Speech and Phenomena
Deleuze and Guattari - Anti-Oedipus
Deleuze and Guattari - A Thousand Plateaus
Lyotard - The Postmodern Condition
Baudrillard - Simulacra and Simulation
Agamben - Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life
### Feminism:
de Beauvoir - The Second Sex
Kristeva - The Kristeva Reader
Cixous - The Laugh of the Medusa
Irigaray - Speculum of the Other Woman
Irigaray - This Sex Which Is Not One
Mulvey - "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema"
### Post-Marxism:
Althusser - Reading Capital
Althusser - Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays
Baudrillard - For a Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign
Baudrillard - The Mirror of Production
Jameson - Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism
Badiou - Theory of the Subject
Laclau and Mouffe - Hegemony and Socialist Strategy
Zizek - The Sublime Object of Ideology
Derrida - Spectres of Marx
Hardt and Negri - Empire
Hardt and Negri - Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire
Hardt and Negri - Commonwealth
### Postcolonial Theory:
Fanon - The Wretched of the Earth
Said - Orientalism
Spivak - "Can the Subaltern Speak?"
Bhabha - The Location of Culture
Mignolo - The Darker Side of the Renaissance: Colonization and the Discontinuity of the Classical Tradition

### Queer Theory:
Butler - Gender Trouble
Sedgwick - Epistemology of the Closet
Halberstam - Female Masculinity
Halperin - Saint Foucault: Towards a Gay Hagiography
Edelman - No Future: Queer Theory and the Death Drive

### Secondary Texts:
Fink - The Lacanian Subject
Best and Kellner - Postmodern Theory
Jagose - Queer Theory: An Introduction
Sim - Post-Marxism: A Reader

## Goodreads List - Poststructuralism
Everett - Glyph y
Deleuze - DR
Tom Stoppard - The Real Thing
Judith Ryan - The Novel After Theory
Danielewski - House of Leaves
Derrida - Dissemination
Deleuze - Nietzsche and Philosophy
Gabbler - The Automation
Barthes - Mythologies
Hughes - Difference and Repetition - A Readers Guide
Barthes - Image Music Text
Williams - Gille Deleuze's Difference and Reptition - A Critical Introduction and Guide
Everett - Erasure
Keoth Ansell-Pearson - Germinal Life - The Difference and Reptition of Deleuze
Henry Somers-Hall - Deleuze's Difference and Repetition
Sarah Gendron - Repetition Difference and Knowldge in The Work of Beckett, Derrida, and Deleuze
Brian McHale - Constructing Postmodernism
Madhu Dubey - Signs and Cities
Derrida - Structure Sign and Play
Derrida - Of Grammatology
Beckett- The Unnamable
Salvador Plascencia - The People of Paper
Kathy Acker - Blood and Guts in High School

## Random Recommendations

David Foster Wallace - Infinite Jest
Egan - Permutation City
Roger Williams - The Metamorphosis of Prime Intellect
Asimov - Foundation
Gibson - Neuromancer
Stephenson - Snow Crash
Hofstadter - Godel, Escher, Bach
William Irwin Thompson - At The Edge of History

Leftist Reading List
Engels - Principles of Communism Marx - Wage-Labour and Capital (in Capital) Marx - Value Price and Profit (in Capital) Engels - Socialism - Uptopian and Scientific (in Antiduring) Lenin - The State and Revolution Lenin - Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism Mao - On Practice & On Contradiction

## Goodreads List - Books on Theory

## Goodreads List - The LitCrit Guy

## Goodreads List - Really Difficult Books

## Goodreads List - Abstruse Philosophy

## Goodreads List - Library and Information Science

## Random

RSS. Read Later.

post 22-05-25 17:30

Been getting (back?) into RSS lately, both on the consumption and production side of things. It's a really fascinating format and I can see why people ar einto it. One of the things that gets me about it is that it's a very simple way for transmitting a feed of data between platforms. Working with podcasts, I figure its of ancillary benefit that I have some understanding of how it works on the production/creation side. I didn't like feedreader much fro reading, but feedly seems to be working just fine. That said, I've completely overwhelemed myself in feeds, and what's worse, is it has a "Rea Later" function that I've been abusing. I usually save things to my Raindrop account but the UI on the iPad for Feedly is a bit easier that Raidrop. Ideally, I'd like to manage my Read Later just as another page on the site, but I'm not sure of the best way to go about that without introducing linkrot. One solution that I've experimented with in the past is to save a copy of the webpage as a PDF to Dropbox and then to link from there, but that is just about as awful as stepping through the File dialogue on the iPad to save files to Raindrop. Ideally, there ould be a browser extension or something that just emailed PDF of a given webpage directly to me and then I could setup filters in my email client to deal with compartmentalizing those saved pages. I like Instapaper in that it saves an offline copy, and I've heard good things about Pinboard (and I like Maciej as a person from the talks he's given), but the exporting features for Instapaper are pretty awful.

Didn't write for the last few day. Trying to make it a daily habit, but it's a little tough to get the energy, especially after getting back into the swing of work after wedding vacation. That said, I've certainly been making time for the RSS thing, and I accidentally took a day off to help a friend with their resume and cover letter. It's reassuring that I can take a pretty foreign piece of writing and turn into something that's a bit more elegant. The goal there would just be to do so without losing any of its coherence, but if there isn't much there to begin with, then even better!

Added a few pages, including a bit of a reading list for myself of learning. My intention there is to just build a little bit of foundation in habit forming, information processing, spaced repetition, and retrieval practice. I use the word "colloquial" to refer to this list because I don't want to go full learning science - I have other topics I would like to focus on like the Continental Philosophy reading list.

I'd also like to integrate some more shortform reading (hence the RSS feed), except I now feel totally inundated with read later articles. I asked on Merveilles how people keep up with their folders and a neighbor mentioned they just delete stuff when they feel like it's too much, and I really respect that. Tricky for me to drag stuff to the trash often. In general, I have a tendency to hold onto things for too long though.

To Listen

22-05-24 22:00


artists like actress:

terrence dixon patten moire surgeon johnny ripper - aesthetics of disappearance pepe braddock - acid test nonplus records

From listening to cliqhop:
Vektordrum Kiyo Milieu Infantjoy Murcof

2021: Caterina Barbieri - Fantas Variations

Stuff found in 2019:

halcyon veil
weyes blood
label: Terrain Ahead
label: moun10
label: Opal Tapes

best of 2017 - needledrop

sinjin hawke - first opus
alvays - anti socialites m
ibibio sound machine - uyai
gorilla toss - gt ultra
richard dawson - peasant
iglooghost - neo wax bloom
xiu xiu - forget m
perfume genius - no shape m
algiers - the underside of power
blockhampton - saturation
father john misty - pure comedy m

best of 2017 - deep_cuts

jlin - black origami
jasss - weightless
arca - arca
ryuchi sakamoto - async
colin stetson - all this i do for glory
chino amobi - paradiso
king krule - the ooz m
ghostpoet - dark days and canopes
hannah peel - mary casio m
oxbow - thin black duke m
somi - petite afrique m

top electronic albums of 2017 - pf

actress - azd
nidia minaj - nidia e ma, nidia e fudida
umfang - symbolic use of light
davy kehoe - short passing game
sophia kennedy - sophia kennedy m
karen gwyer - rembo
four tet - new energy
call super - arpo
midland - fabriclive 94
equiknoxx - colon man
errorsmith - superlative fatigue
dj sports - modern species
dj python - modern compania
visible cloaks - reassemblage
laurel halo - dust
mount kimbie - love what survives
fever ray - plunge

best of 2017 - NPR

waxahatchee - out in the storm m
kaitlyn aurelia smith - the kid
thundercat - drunk
estoniain philharmonic chamber choir - moorland elegies
torres - three futures m
the national - sleep well beast m
sylvan esso - what now m
the war on drugs - a deeper understanding m
ifriqiyya electrique = ruwahine
ife - iiii+iiii m
danish string quartet - last leaf
moses sumney - aromanticism m
vijay iyer - far from over
aldous harding - party
hurray for the riff raff - the navigator m
sampha - process m
big theif - capacity m

top 10 idm - all time

various artists - artificial intelligence (warp)
squarepusher - big loada
autechre - LP5
jan jelinek - loop-finding jazz-records
four tet - rounds
boards of canada - geogaddi
aphex twin - richard d james
autechre - tri repetae
boards of canada - music has the right
aphex twin - selected works

jefre Cantu ledesma - in summer
Taylor deupree
Pauline Anne strom
houndstooth label
posh isolation
trilogy tapes
Damien dubrovnik
pan daijing
demdike stare
paperbark - last night
Daniel avery - drone logic
Brett naucke
Meyers - struggle artist
war harmonizer
roland kayn
Andy bey - experience and judgment

Leo's Top 2018

1. Sophie - Oil of Every Pearl's Un-Insides
2. Let's Eat Grandma - I'm All Ears
3. The Body - I Have Fought Against It, But I No Longer Can
4. Sons of Kemet - Your Queen Is A Reptile
5. Primitive Knot - Thee Opener of the Way
6. Makaya McRaven - Universal Beings
7. Tierra Whack - Whack World
8. Zuli - Terminal
9. Dominique Dumont - Miniatures de Auto Rhythm
10. Eli Keszler - Stadium
11. Kelman Duran - 13th Month
12. Jpegmafia - Veteran
13. Erdve - Vaitojimas
14. Sleep - The Sciences
15. Michael Beharie & Teddy Rankin Parker - A Heart from Your Shadow
16. Panchasila - Panchasila
17. Playboi Carti - Die Lit
18. Gevurah - Sulphur Soul
19. Anenon - Tongue
20. Weigedood - De Doden Hebben Het Goed III
21. Park Jiha - Philos
22. Ichiko Aoba - qp
23. DJ Healer - Nothing to Lose
24. Gouge Away - Burnt Sugar
25. Glenn Jones - The Giant Who Ate Himself And Other New Works for 6 & 12 Strings
26. Lingua Ignota - All Bitches Die
27. Karg - Dornenvogel
28. Spectral Wound - Infernal Decadence
29. Laurel Halo - Raw Silk Uncut Wood
30. Mid-Air Thief - Crumbling
31. Sarah Louise - Deeper Woods
32. Nine Inch Nails - Bad Witch
33. Skee Mask - Compro
34. The Myrrors - Borderlands
35. Julia Holter - Aviary
36. Kikagaku Moyo - Masana Temple
37. Maria Davidson - Working Class Woman
38. Thou - Magus
39. Jessica Moss - Entanglement
40. Demdike Stare - Passion
41. Nu Guinea - Nuova Napoli
42. Peder Mannerfelt - Daily Routine
43. Solar Temple - Fertile Descent
44. Nathan Salsburg - Third
45. Earl Sweatshirt - Some Rap Songs
46. Vile Gash - Nightmare In A Damaged Brain
47. Lonker See - One Eye Sees Red
48. Korridor - End of Cycle
49. Debit - Animus
50. Khruangbin - Con Todo El Mundo

From Thea Ballard via bird

loraine james - for you and i
organ tapes hunger in me living
felicia atkinson - the flower and the vessel
oli xl - rogue intruder, soul enhancer
leo svirsky - river without banks
ulla straus - big room
visible cloaks with yoshio ojima and satsuki shibano
tzusing a name out of place collected
martina lussi diffusion is a force
acronym and kali malone - the torrid eye
amazondotcom - mirror river
puto tito carregando a vida atras das costas
"blue" gene tyranny out of the blue (reissue)
klein - lifetime
leif- loom dream
trjj - music compilation "12 dances"
malibu - one life
why be - vacant violation
ellen arkbro chords
die reihe 106 kerri chandler chords
emiranda - my face
theodore cale schaefer - patience


22-05-24 22:00

log - for updates on notes, posts, and other site changes (once a week)

listening - for a record of my listening practice (1-3 times a day)

Bauer - The Well-Educated Mind

learning 22-05-23 20:00

Bauer - The Well-Educated Mind: A Guide to the Classical Education You Never Had

Part I: Beginning: Preparing for Classical Education

Ch 1: Training Your Own Mind: The Classical Education You Never Had

For centuries, people undertook a less intense sort of learning - reading, taking notes, discussing books and ideas with friends - without subjecting themselves to graduate school/teaching

Any literate person can rely on self-education to train and fill the mind. All you need are a shelf full of books, a congenial friend or two to talk about your reading with, and a large amount of free time

Contemporary critics would add that PhD don't necessarily fill the mind in any case

Limited to the learning they could acquire after a brief period of formal education, 18 + 19c women kept journals and commonplace books chronicling their reading

Intelligent and ambitious adults feel that they are unprepared to take on any serious course of reading

No matter how incomplete your education, you can learn to read intelligently, think about your reading, and talk to a friend about what you've discovered

Sustained, serious, reading is at the center of the self-education project

Reading alone allows us to reach out beyond the restrictions of time and space, to take part in the "great conversation" of ideas (a term from Mortimer Adler)

But schools don't teach reading and writing properly, and with the advent of the web, print culture is becoming doomed

Leslie Lamport - What is Computation?

computers video‑lecture 22-05-24 16:00

A computation is what a computer does.

The world's first computing device was the escapement clock.

Our computers have clocks in them, and these clocks actually don't need to measure real-time, which allows us to abstract away the notion of time, and see the clock as a set of states.

So clocks compute these states, but how do we describe devices which compute many states?

There's many ways to describe computer hardware and software, and programming languages. Some may desibe computation in terms of a "next-state" relation. But all these approaches obscure the fundamental nature of computation. Everyone get's hung up on the language.

In the beginning, numbers used to be quantifiers (2 goats, 1 sheep, etc.). Mathematics was born when numbers became nouns, and operators (such as equals) became verbs. Those nouns and verbs make up equations. Mathematical logic was born when equations became nouns and equals became an operation that combines nouns to form other nouns.

Mathematicians are sloppy and use "=" to mean mathematical equality and linguistic equality, and you have to figure out which is which based on context.

Quite interesting, I lose him here for a few minutes of proofs and then he comes out with a mathematical description for a computing device that outputs two clock states by configuring "next-state" expressions that can only be satisfied as a result of v0 and v1.

Complex computing machines are developed by refining simpler ones. Refinement is an act of mathematical substitution.


visuals 22-05-24 14:00 sketch-220525

Need to slow things down a bit, but I liked experimenting with the cornerpins. Also keying between two signals is nice.


First time working with video synthesis in a while. Always takes a few session to get away from the Windows Media Player stuff.

Colloquial Approaches to Independent Learning

list learning note‑taking/pkm
22-05-23 20:00

You are here.

"There is no difference between what a book talks about and how it is made."
  - Deleuze and Guattari (1980)

Instead of this website having a fixed starting point, or "home", visitors are encouraged to explore. This page is just one point on a map. Here are a few routes to take:

tags: a topical list of tags that are used to group together sections of this site

log: a chronological list of new sections or changes to sections of this site

feeds: a few RSS feeds for those who would like to keep up from afar

"The map is open and connectable in all of its dimensions; it is detachable, reversible, susceptible to constant modification."
  - Deleuze and Guattari (1980)

Toggle Example

meta 22-05-23 12:00
  • notes
  • topical
  • chronological
  • Names. Word Count. Feeling the Fourth Wall.

    post 22-05-22 22:00

    Bit late to be writing. Still surveying the bird for some form of reading inspiration, golden egg bullshit that's probably already in my reading inbox to begin with. I'm once again just sort of hitting a brick wall with knowing what the thing is called, when really, it doesn't matter what it's called, it's just the thing and there's a 95% chance it's already buried in my collection of resources to begin with. I know that I rally like the way people encode information, store information, and use information to externalize their thoughts, experiences, philosophies, and politics - and I think that the former two have a deep influence on the third. But I'm not sure in what discipline lie more ideas along that trajectory. I think to some extent that's "information science", but there's also a grammatology component, a formal systems component (in what systems is knowledge stored), and maybe even a digital humanities component (how do corpora of stored knowledge survive over time).

    I'm considering adding word counts to each of these posts as a means of tracking how much I write over time. I don't think exactly that quantity is the goal, but more so poignancy. To the same end though, it's not like I'm writing haiku and I get the feeling like there must be some correlation between the amount of "ink" I put on the page and the degree to which I can express the nuance of the world around me (is that the goal even? not sure). I think there is an extent to which hitting a word count goal over time could be a motivated force, but I play video games on easy mode, and I'm not sure how to properly set that pace to keep myself motivated. If I want to write 100,000 words in a year, for instance, that's 273 words per day. That's about a page every moon. A million? That would be ten pages per day, right? To me, the biggest distinction between writing a page a day versus ten pages a day is that the former, you can get by just recounting the day. The latter? That requires some dilligent reading practice and some ability to record nuance in that material and develop connections as you go (I'm speaking largely in the context of non-fiction/rough-draft/colloquially-academic writing). At the worst extreme of that level of quantity, you are just going the magazine route and trying to fill the void with drivel. 500 words per day may be a solid goal which would leave me with a few hundred thousand at the end of the year. And I know I can certainly attain that level with about a half hour of writing per day. If I want to hit a half million words per year, then I'll have to do about an hour of writing (give or take) per day, which seems similarly feasible. That said, I'm just coming off a vacation where free-time has felt abundant. In fact, 500 words feels about perfect for a recap of the day, despite this posts saying literally nothing about my day so far.

    M is about midway (or more) through Bioshock 2 at the moment (she is playing as I type). You play a "Big Daddy", a sort of mech-suit type hero protecting "Little Sisters" as they harvest a genetic drug called "Adam" from dead addicts called "Splicers" in an underwater, mid-twentieth century, capitalist fallen utopia called "Rapture". Usually, the Splicers are so ravenous for their drug, they are detached from reality and immediately attack. But there's a moment on the "Dionysus Park" level where the player-character stumbles upon a couple of the Splicers slow-dancing quite closely to a soft jazz music playing in the background. The player-character has no choice but to attack first, disrupting the moment of intimacy, catching the Splicers off-guard to gain the upper hand. As they are so close together, they both take on the brunt of the attack, but only the male Splicer is hit, leading him to fall to the floor. While on the floor, his female partner begins to cry over his body. This behavior is uncharacteristic, and has a humanizing effect. Given the position the player-character is in, it only makes sens to follow through and bring the mourning Splcier to their mutual death. It's only after looting the area and looking for an exit, that the player-character realizes that clearing the room was entirely optional.

    Moments like these are "game-designy" in the same way that a good traveling shot feels "cinematography-ee". It's cool and you get the feeling that the thing is "art" in some fashion, but it's difficult to fully appreciate because you realize that a trick is being played on you. This is a moment I rarely experience reading because I never feel like a trick is being played, and a moment I rarely experience listening to music because I feel like the trick is (mostly) always being done well enough that I just find myself enjoying the smoke and mirrors for what they are, or on the other hand, I can appreciate the trick as a sort of "tip-of-the-hat" between magicians. Unfortunately, the more the hat is tipped, the less I remember to enjoy the show. Across all these media, there's an odd "oh, I see what you did there" vibe that doesn't consistently land and I'm not sure why.

    I feel as if this is vaguely related to the idea of defamiliarization which, in the context of media, is a device/technique where familiar objects are made to look different, foreign, other. The treatment of defamiliarization that first exposed me to the versatility of the concept is alex weird's video essay⭧ on Fancy Lad Skateboard Company. It's a great look at taking a familiar landscape and developing layers of meaning and activity, almost in topographical fashion. This is an idea I'm interested in exploring further as I think it's at the crux of... something. There's a passage from GEB that's helpful here but I have to look it up.

    Concept Mapping

    22-05-22 17:00 (imported)

    visualizations of the relationships between ideas/concepts

    also referred to as "mind maps" (I think any distinction is likely due to trademarks/IP); they both visualize webs of concepts

    concepts are defined as “perceived regularities or patterns in events or objects, or records of events or objects, designated by a label”1

    often the language of graph theory becomes useful where:
     "Nodes" are the dots to be connected
     "Edges" or "arcs" are the connections between those dots

    concept maps:
     - connect concepts through "branches" without a singular "root" topic
     - provide meaning and context for the links between concepts
     - useful to brainstorm, hypothesize, and find solutions
     - leverage human ability to visually process information (far quicker than text)
     - in particular implementations, can promote collaboration (anecdotal, I reckon)

    It may help to label edges using linking phrases or relying on propositional structure (i.e. using predicates or verbs to add information to links)


    1)Miro Blog Post on Concept Maps⭧

    2)Lucidchart Blog Post on Concept Maps⭧


    22-05-22 17:00 (imported)

    origin: california, united states

    currently: california(northern), united states

    10+ yrs: digital audio mixing + mastering

    8+ yrs: 20c philosophy + critical theory

    6+ yrs: technical writing

    4+ yrs: grantwriting + non-profit organizing

    3+ yrs: running a post-production audio studio

    2+ yrs: managing this little collection of notes

    interests: music tech, techno, critical theory, formal systems, theoretical CS, hypertext, lisp, forth

    Analog Computing

    analog computers 22-05-21 22:00 (imported)

    The EAI TR-48 desktop analog computer, released in 1962 The EAI TR-48 desktop analog computer, released in 1962

    A paradigm of computing marked by manipulating continuous voltages as opposed to stored digits, modelling systems as opposed to declaring a program, where programs are often built connecting electrical components with patch cables. Through the work of a number of engineers and designers, the analog computer would go on to inspire the commercial modular synthesizer.

    In fact, an intersting question here is between what came first: analog synthesis or analog computing. According to Mark Doty, "devices that employ synthesis using analog technology predate devices that employ analog technology for computing."1 I believe it may be less a question of internal implementation, and more so, a question of the patch panel as the primary programming interface. Joost Rekveld provides quite a bit of evidence of the link between the two.2 In the field of video synthesis, Dan Sandin refers to his Sandin Video Processor as a "general-purpose, patch-programmable, analog computer". Interestingly enough, Serge Tcherepnin used the term "patch-programmable" to a describe a number of his function block modules, though I am not sure he went so far as to refer to his synthesizers as "computers".

    Another aspect of analog computing is that it points to, if not an intermediary, an alternate rung on the ladder of abstraction. How did the history of computing go from physical scale models, like the dutch Waterloopbos, a hydrological laboratory computing outcomes as a function of like material and conditions to smaller and smaller devices which no longer model problems as a function of scale, but of mathematics?

    advantages of analog computing:
    - parallel => does not run into any chase conditions
    - often far more energy efficient than modern digital computing

    I'm particularly interested in historical/cultural and technical centers of analog computing, among them:
    The Netherlands


    The Analog Museum's "Introduction to Analog Computing"⭧
    The Analog Museum's Library⭧
    1) Vintage Synth Explorer forum thread⭧ on the relationship between analog computing and analog modular synthesizers
    2) Joost Rekveld's essay "The Analog Art"⭧

    Sönke Ahrens - How to Take Smart Notes

    note‑taking/pkm highlights 22-05-21 21:30 (imported) I listened to this over the course of a few days commuting so notes are sparse. Additionally, these reading notes are from a legacy format so I won't be using the usual highlighting, but will retain the tag for the sake of organization.

    Everyone writes, especially in academia.

    We write when we want to remember something, or when we want to organize ideas.

    Every intellectual endeavor starts with a note.

    Two categories of books about writing
     - those that teach the formal requirements
     - those that teach the psychological process

    However, there aren't any books that focus on the organizational process of writing.

    Writing never starts from a blank page, it starts from within the note-taking system.

    The Zettlekasten method (way more straightforward that I had expected):
     - Read with a pen
     - Mark major themes and page numbers when reading on a notecard
     - number the notecard
     - link to other related concepts on other notecards
     - compose notecards that bring together other notecards by topic
     - arrange those topic (structure notes) notecards into the outline of argument
     - pull those topic notecards and their linked/referenced notecards into a pile and synthesize into a manuscript

    It's GTD applied to writing. You don't have to stress about forgetting something because it is in your system, and the system makes it easier to do the work of putting together academic writing

    On Abstraction

    abstraction 22-05-21 21:30 (imported) These are some loose notes and open-ended questions about abstraction.

    I feel like PL type strictness reflects a lot of the divisive undercurrents in 20c philosophy. A lot of early 20c "analytic" work shares the aesthetics of type-theory proofs.

    I think a lot of the post-structuralist rhetoric is trying to justify a category-theoretic approach to writing/psychoanalysis/political economy.

    Much of the vocabulary developed in Deleuze & Guattari seems to be working toward some set of primitive types with which to construct an operable higher-level layer of abstractions to speak (back|against) to contemporary "paradigms".

    What is the difference between a code and a language? After all, computers only understand binary at the lowest-level.

    Vegan Curry Rice - Will Yeung

    recipe 22-05-21 21:00 (imported)

    200g extra firm tofu
    3 pieces garlic
    small piece ginger
    3 tbsp chili oil
    1 1/2 tbsp soy sauce
    1 tsp dark soy sauce
    1 1/2 cup leftover basmati rice
    1 tbsp curry powder
    10g Thai basil

    1. Pat dry the extra firm tofu and place into a bowl. Mash the tofu with a fork into a crumble.
    2. Finely chop the garlic and ginger
    3. Heat up a nonstick pan to medium heat. Add the chili oil.
    4. Add the garlic, ginger, and tofu. Sauté for 5-8min.
    5. Add 1 tbsp soy sauce and dark soy sauce. Sauté for 2min.
    6. Add the rice, curry powder, and the remaining 1/2 tbsp soy sauce. Sauté for another 1-2min.
    7. Add the basil, turn off the heat, and fold the rice into the basil

    Crunchy Peanut Slaw - Will Yeung

    recipe 22-05-21 21:00 (imported)

    Sauce Ingredients:
    1/3 cup peanut butter
    small piece ginger
    3 tbsp soy sauce
    1 tbsp cane sugar
    2 tbsp olive oil
    1/2 cup coconut milk
    1 tsp chili powder
    splash of lime juice

    Dish Ingredients:
    200g red cabbage
    250g nappa cabbage
    100g carrot
    1 apple (Fuji or gala)
    2 sticks green onion
    120g canned jackfruit
    1/2 cup edamame
    20g mint leaves
    1/2 cup roasted peanuts

    1. Blend the dressing ingredients in a blender on high until smooth
    2. Shred the red and nappa cabbages. Slice the carrot and apple into thin matchsticks. Finely chop the green onion
    3. Squeeze the liquid out of the jackfruit and flake into a very large mixing bowl
    4. Add the cabbages, carrot, apple, and green onion into the bowl along with the edamame and mint leaves
    5. Heat up a frying pan to medium heat and toast the peanuts for 3-4min
    6. Pour in the dressing into the slaw to taste and mix well
    7. Plate the slaw and top with some toasted peanuts

    Video Game Honeymoon. Media induces Teleportation. Spinning gestural and linguistic webs are still interesting endeavors.

    post 22-05-21 20:00

    In lieu of being able to afford an actual honeymoon after our primarily DIY wedding, we've opted for a "video game honeymoon" as an alternate until we can make our planned trip to the San Juan Islands finacially and logistically feasible. We had a bunch of cheese and crackers, and way too much Diet Coke (and Pepsi, because I was indecisive when ordering), and decided to take on as much of The Bioshock Collection as we could get through. I'm quite fond of the Bioshock games. I really enjoyed playing them when I was in undergrad, and Bioshock Infinite came out during that period and I remember it to be one the final times I played a game with a whole room of people from front to back right after launch, only taking breaks to attend class and restock on Plaza food (our local quick deli/pizza joint).

    At that point, I was less into the gameplay and more into the politics of the narratives - themes of capitalist hegemony, socialist utopia, religious brainwashing - all the stuff that a budding critical theory student is into. Now that I am almost a decade out of school, the gameplay is a nice break from the capitalist day job drudgery (thought that is mitigated to some extent by running my own business), the far-off dreams of some sort of universal healthcare, and the absolutely horrendous ramifications of a recently leaked Supreme Court decision to overturn Roe v. Wade, and the impending national(global?) recession of 2022 (or whatever year they choose to attribute this one to). I enjoy the narratives still, but I think I feel a little less blown away at the writers' ability to integrate political themes, and a little more blown away that games can create experiences that have such strong associations to particular memories. If Bioshock wasn't replayable, I wouldn't be enjoying the opportunity to revisit some of those memories from college with my spouse. Media has that neat effect of tricking the brain into thinking it's elsewhere (there's some Psych 101 shit on conditioning here, but hell if I know). I look forward to replaying The Witness with M and looking back on our first apartment, perhaps when we own a home of our own (if ever).

    Part of me thinks that writing about games falls into that writing about music trap, but I think it's important to be selective about the media-based experiences we choose to dwell on, and to record our thoughts when doing so. I don't think it needs to be the totalizing nightmare that I have attempted to engage in on several occasions, but it can be fruitful to point to the inner experience created by art as a means of making connections across mental, social, and political states. I think from here on out, I will be experiencing less and less diverse experiences, so in some ways media becomes the range of things with which I have to make connections. But I think the same can be said for anyone in any field (not to say I would like to make a living from writing about media, though I've certainly considered it). There's a foliding-into-solipsism that can come from media writing that is both comforting and unsettling. Comforting, in that one can produce their own language to describe fascia, but unsettling as that language then becomes the fascia itself.

    Honestly, I think it's a totally worthwhile endeavor to dance about architecture, I just want to do so with the conviction of a Merce, not the apprehension of a me, ten years ago. The analogy is starting to lose even me. I've long been fascinated with the question of how you can make statements in one discipline about statements in, or products of - another discipline.

    County fair. Iteration.

    post 22-05-20 22:00

    M and I went to the local county fair today with C and had a pretty good time. I had a couple of margs and I think something about the wedding has converted me on the agave spirits. I used to not like tequila as of... like, a week ago. M is stoked that I like tequila now which is odd because I don't think I often see her drink it? Usual fair deal: smells like horse shit, overpriced food, amateur photography. I dig it though. We are going back for the destruction derby, which will be my first one besides the tail end of one I saw down in Irwindale with Dad. That one led into a sprint car race which is basically like glorified dirt drifting.

    I'd like to start importing some of my notes from the previous system iteration into this one, ubt one of the tricky things about that is that I don't have very good timestamps on the legacy notes, whereas these I do. I may just end up taking what makes sense to import and providing those notes with a new timestamp. Some of these logistical and informational issues are what have increasingly frsutrated me over time. And what's worse is I don't even have that many notes to begin with that it would even be worth spending thought on these nagging details. At one extreme, I was tracking every minute I spent contributing to the system, on the other end, I was just emailing myself miscellanous links and such. I'd like to land somewhere in the middle, where I have some idea of the chronological ordering of notes, and maybe a vague idea of the amount of time I'm putting in, but time tracking down to the pomodoro, etc., had me feeling like I never had enough time to put into the system in the first place which was demotivating, and took up so much time itself, I would have to devote entire pomodoros just to logging what I had done in the previous few hours. As it stands, I basically copy and paste some boilerplate html to format the "slip" correctly and insert links in the chronological and tag pages. For pages with any more than two tags, this is getting a bit cumbersome, but it's simple enough to maintain that I prefer it some of the more hefty metadata oriented solutions that I've implemented in the past.

    One of the things that frustrates me the most is getting bogged down in the implementation details of a note-taking system. Sure, it's cool to observe techniques and integrate, but at the end of the day, it's a box of cards. Who cares what color highlighter you use or how you nunmber them? I'm gonna try and prevent myself from going down that road too often here. Matuschak has a note about how people who write about note-taking don't work in "serious" contexts. Can't vouch from experience, but it seems correct.

    Intellectual turning points are critical and exciting moments. The sediment has been kicked up.

    post 22-05-19 19:00

    When I was in undergrad, I was in a few independent studies, which in my program meant a small group of 2-5 students who designed a small course based on a project proposal that was sponsored by one or more faculty who would hopefully have some related expertise to the course content, or at least interest in the subject area. The independent studies I happened to be undertaking were all related to music and music production. In one of those sessions, amongst friends/co-learners and a few faculty from the School of Music, as my friends were demoing their projects of the week and describing things like “intention”, and “emotion”, and “statement”, I came to a critical realization: that my interest in music was in the development and understanding of its technological methods and practice, not in expressing my own voice as an artist. Over time, this realization became more oriented towards training as a mixing and mastering engineer. I consider that realization to be one of the critical turning points in my education, and to some extent, my life.

    I feel like I’m on the precipice of another of these events, though I lack the domain understanding to properly articulate it. I feel like it has to do with the idea that I’m less interested in math, and more interested in formal systems, less interested in programming, and more interested in theoretical computer science, less interested in the philosophy of language and more interested in theories surrounding “cognitive grammars”. Though in all those domains, I’m don’t quite have the words to describe the various type of inquiries that excite me. It’s as if, I haven’t yet force myself to me submerged in the literature of those fields so I can’t yet come up to the surface with some idea of my bearings. With music, and to a bit of a lesser extent with philosophy, I’ve at least been immersed long enough to know the folks and lines of thought that I do and don’t enjoy. Even more recently, my ideas in philosophy are started to shift towards perspectives that really only fit into the ”history of ideas”, whatever that means (I’m not ignorant, just skeptical of the generality of the term).

    These realizations are really nice as they allow me to both limit the vocabulary I need to define the ineffable loose ends of my thought, but also to deepen - and multiply - the types of inquiries I can make over time. There’s this cyclical movement between the narrowing of the scope, and the deepening of the inquiry, whose flywheel I feel like is just information processing. I think lots of my thoughts can be reduced to “read more, ask new questions, repeat…”, but without a way of properly articulating the small, minute, changes to my thought process over time, I feel as if the whole thing is for naught because at this point, it’s as if the trajectory is almost as valuable to me as is the finalized understanding.

    I had a small set of readings put together on abstraction, which I may take up once again in the short term. These readings have to with the process of abstracting various percepts in a given field, in an attempt to understand if a pattern can be derived from that process and carried back and forth across the disciplines. One of the things that I feel like interdisciplinary scholarship takes for granted is how exactly interdisciplinary thought occurs, not with respect to the details, but in terms of the structure or the aesthetics of abstraction. I have a feeling that the theorists of architecture, and systems thinkers are probably the closest to the level of generality required for this line of thought, but I kinda hate both o those disciplines right now? Or at least, I haven’t yet taken the time to fins the beauty in them.

    Lots of people talk about “frames” in reference to debate and rhetoric. I’m not even sure what mine are at the moment, either because I don’t have opposing views to people I’m conversing with very often, or because I embed my views into my rhetoric, that I’m not sure what they are if I had to make them explicit. I think this is due in some part to the idea that the folks I learned to be in dialogue with weren’t dry interested in more formal logics, but into sort of mutually synthesizing an opinion. The goal wasn’t “winning” an argument, but “creating” an agreement in some way, which is why it still feels a bit foreign when folks speak about honing the “methods of applied rationality”. Getting better at arguing with fellow humans seems a pitiful way to spend one’s lived experience. But maybe I’m missing something.

    Jane Friedhoff - Games, Play, and Joy

    games highlights 22-05-19 16:30

    Joy is Important. It is a complex and multi-faceted phenomenon, but it is also delicate, and we can’t always predict how or why it happens.

    In the same way that we can use game design principles to help coax fun out of a set of rules, there are tactics we can use to try and design for joy that are useful, productive, meaningful.

    The foundation I have always found to provide the most stable is to begin from the other end: to design the experience that people like you need now. That is a vantage point that is fruitful, and that only you can bring to the table.

    Good and bad play are different for every person, even within a person’s lifetime. The things that evoke good and bad play aren’t limited to one genre, media, context, or difficulty level — or even “good”-ness or “fun”-ness of the game at its core.

    So what are the through-lines? If the surfaces are all different, can we find any meaningful similarities on a more embodied level?

    The experiences that people tend to categorize under “good” involve a level of safety and support; of feeling pulled to participate; of wanting to play more; of feeling energized or new or part of something larger afterwards. Think of the rush of being part of a team that has somehow, silently, on instinct and training, just maneuvered to score an excellent goal; or the improv team that anticipates each other’s moves just so, making brilliant callback jokes and setting each other up for success; or even the solo player up against a nearly-impossible level designed by a devious game designer, failing constantly but chipping away and feeling themselves learning and getting better every single time. (The experiences that people tend to categorize under “bad” tend to feel quite the opposite: embarrassing, alienating, and shameful, making them want to quit; feeling worse after than when they started.)

    That is: after good play, whatever that means to us, we tend to feel different: more alive, more energized, happier, more creative, more capable, closer to each other, and larger than ourselves — a process described by the wonderful game designer and author Bernie DeKoven as “co-liberation”, defined as “what happens when we work or play extraordinarily well together. Like on a basketball team or in an orchestra, when we actually experience ourselves sharing in something bigger than any one who is present.”

    DeKoven believed that you could experience co-liberation through what he called a “well-played” game. “Well-played” doesn’t necessarily have to do with winning, or skill levels, or the beauty of the game design on paper. To him, a well-played game was a time when we had fun, and that fun was created together, collaboratively. To paraphrase DeKoven, his notion of a “well-played” game includes game we modified, or cheated at,¹ or otherwise changed the rules for, until it felt fun for us, together.

    There is a wonderful alchemy happening in these experiences anyway: an attunement and an aliveness — which is only happening because people are playing the game — that, I would argue, is just as worthy a goal as designing a perfect system in the first place.

    So how does joy tie into this? Well, in the same way that co-liberation can expand out of play, we can think of joy as a similar process of attunement and increased capacity, to ourselves, each other, and the world around us. This process not only affects us: it helps counter the stultifying forces in the world around us, providing new ways to think and do and be, on a level that can be revolutionary. This link between joy and revolution/resistance is one of the core theses of carla bergman and Nick Montgomery’s incredible book Joyful Militancy.

    Their definition comes from Spinoza: “joy means an increase in a body’s capacity to affect and be affected. It means becoming capable of feeling or doing something new; it is not just a subjective feeling, but a real event that takes place. This increase in capacity is a process of transformation, and it might feel scary, painful, and exhilarating… It is the growth of shared power to do, feel, and think more.”

    This allows us to carefully peel “joy” away from “fun” or “happiness.” The things that feel familiar to us, or that make us feel temporarily happy, may not actually make us feel joy — they may ultimately be stultifying and disempowering.

    Furthermore, joy is not just aesthetically or emotionally important — it is politically important. We live our lives in the context of Empire: a shorthand they use to describe “the organized destruction under which we live.

    What can possibly counteract the totalizing crush of Empire? The transformational process of joy. bergman and Montgomery posit “the process of becoming more capable” as “fundamental to undoing Empire,” seeping in at its cracks and edges. “This feeling of the power to change one’s life and circumstances,” they say, “is at the core of collective resistance, insurrections, and the construction of alternatives to life under Empire.”

    As game and play designers, we are professional situations-creators. The rules and contexts we design give our players excuses to do unusual things, to behave with new relations to themselves and others, to imagine other possibilities and become something new together, to create such room to breath, to create cracks in Empire.

    How on earth would rules —which are, by definition, meant to constrict us and our behavior — provide opportunities for freedom, joy, mastery, growth, and creativity? Why do we eagerly embrace some constraints and reject others? Why on earth do we stand in the hot sun and hit golf balls with weird sticks from very far away, instead of just driving to the damn hole in a nice little car and dropping the ball in?

    Regardless of the game, we ultimately play because we find something exciting, satisfying, and compelling about living within the bounds of a good ruleset.¹ It gives us an excuse to play; a framework to relate to each other (whether competitively, collaboratively, or something else); and a push to be creative within its requirements. A good ruleset acts less like a cage and more like a catalyst, prodding us to experiment and combine strange things to discover moments of genius.

    As game designers, one of the primary things we do is shape and define sets of rules. We define what players can and can’t do; the goals they should be aiming for; the things they want to avoid; and the contexts (courts, equipment, players) all the above happens in. Ultimately, players may or may not respect all of these diktats — sneaking in a house rule or a cheat here or there — but ultimately, we are in the craft of designing boundaries that coax out and facilitate these unpredictable, emergent, hopefully joyful experiences.

    Games can be stubborn in their temporality: the time they take to play, or the possible times they can be played at all. (What does it mean if we can’t play Keeping In Touch because there are no trees near us? What would it mean to commit to planting trees in currently-unplayable areas?)

    Games also let us do things that we can’t safely do in real life. They can provide a safe space to embody power and assert agency that may not exist in regular life, which can provide its own kind of catharsis and joy.

    Rulesets allow us to unlock new parts of ourselves. They function on multiple levels: as excuses; as temporary relations; as set-aside spaces to play with our own creativity (whether logical, physical, artistic, emotional, or otherwise) and spur the creativity of others; and as places to take on new roles and shake up the way that we view and interact with the world. This shaking up is important on personal and political levels: it can disrupt the hold that the everyday has on us, creating cracks through which we can see new possibilities and grow into something new.

    We talked about the Surrealists (Exquisite Corpse, etc.), and not too long after them came the Situationists. Influenced by Surrealism and Dadaism, the Situationist International (also called the Internationale Situationist, or SI) was a movement in the 1950s comprised of avant garde artists, intellectuals, and political theorists. They were committed to, as Art Story summarizes: “the disruption and reimagining of the systems which govern everyday life[. I]t was anti-capitalist, and left-leaning, but was also committed to the disruption of the hegemonic politics of Europe in the late 20th century through artistic praxis as well as political agitation.”

    The enemy of the Situationists was the “spectacle,” a term outlined by Guy Debord to refer to the tactics of distraction and pacification used by capitalism to obscure its own oppressive nature. In more concrete terms, Tiernan Morgan and Lauren Purje of art magazine Hyperallergic describes the spectacle as “the everyday manifestation of capitalist-driven phenomena; advertising, television, film, and celebrity.” That, “It can be found on every screen that you look at. It is the advertisements plastered on the subway and the pop-up ads that appear in your browser. It is the listicle telling you “10 things you need to know about ‘x.’” The spectacle reduces reality to an endless supply of commodifiable fragments, while encouraging us to focus on appearances. For Debord, this constituted an unacceptable “degradation” of our lives.”

    The key takeaway is that the spectacle alienates us from our own lives, our own desires, and our own authentic experiences. We no longer directly live our lives: we deal only in representations. We decline, as Debord says in his book The Society of the Spectacle, from “being into having, and having into merely appearing.”

    Importantly, one of the skills of the spectacle is to snatch up anything meant to challenge it, chew it up, digest it, and barf out its own toothless version to make a profit — a process called “recuperation.”

    Our desires are reshaped, interpreted, and simplified to fit into what capitalism can offer us. If the spectacle can’t channel it into profit it — or recuperate it for profit — then it is is worthless.

    We are distracted and pacified from revolution thanks to a continual flood of images that “manufacture[] new desires and aspirations.” Plus, “[s]ince the pleasure of acquiring a new commodity is fleeting, it is only a matter of time before we pursue a new desire — a new “fragment” of happiness” — fed to us by the spectacle.

    Our authentic social lives get replaced with representations.

    The more a person accepts the spectacle, Debord says in The Society of the Spectacle, “the less he understands his own existence and his own desires. [H]is own gestures are no longer his but those of another who represents them to him. This is why the spectator feels at home nowhere, because the spectacle is everywhere.”

    “The way out” for the Situationists, says Peter Marshall, “was not to wait for a distant revolution but to reinvent everyday life here and now.” He continues: “To transform the perception of the world and to change the structure of society is the same thing. By liberating oneself, one changed power relations and therefore transformed society. They therefore tried to construct situations which disrupt the ordinary and normal in order to jolt people out of their customary ways of thinking and acting.”

    This was done through the construction of Situationist games. Play was seen as the opposite of the alienating work demanded by modern society — the essence of human freedom itself.

    Debord: "The situationist game is distinguished from the classic conception of the game by its radical negation of the element of competition and of separation from everyday life. On the other hand, it is not distinct from a moral choice, since it implies taking a stand in favor of what will bring about the future reign of freedom and play."

    So what really is the situation? It’s the realization of a better game, which more exactly is provoked by the human presence. The revolutionary gamesters of all countries can be united in the S.I. to commence the emergence from the prehistory of daily life.

    The situationist game is distinguished from the classic conception of the game by its radical negation of the element of competition and of separation from everyday life. On the other hand, it is not distinct from a moral choice, since it implies taking a stand in favor of what will bring about the future reign of freedom and play.

    For example, the dérive: essentially, an unplanned journey through some landscape (often urban) in which people rid themselves of their everyday relations (errands, typical paths, etc.) and let themselves be drawn by various attractions of the terrain and the encounters they find.

    Another form of play was the détournement: the appropriation and recontexualization of symbols — especially of capitalism — to interrupt the smooth flow of the society of the spectacle (e.g. vandalized ads in public places, using the aesthetic of advertising to communicate subversive messages).

    Through the use of détournement, situationists sought to show that the powers that be can never fully recuperate created meanings as well as expose and draw attention to the spectacle that pervades our lives. By doing this they hoped they could bring about a proletarian revolution that would result in people doing activities for the sheer joy it brings them, rather than capitalist interests.

    (from alternative unknown source)

    Ultimately, the goal of all of this play was to facilitate a new culture that, as the Situationist Manifesto said, introduced total participation, organized directly lived moments, increases dialogue and interaction, and, ultimately, lead to everyone becoming an artist/situationist.

    ! Nicklaus Bourriaud - Relational Aesthetics

    Tape noise, marriage, old friends.

    post 22-05-18 19:00

    I’ve always been quite curious about the particular processes as at play in the composition of artists like Actress (especially), and to some extent, Call Super and Objekt. I’m not sure how to better describe this class of musics is other than “left-field electronic music”, but I think it should suffice for the time being. I think one of the more straightforward patterns in this type of music is in the idea of a quite organic twisting of textures by using slow LFOs quantized (more or less) to the one, two, and four bars. In doing so, each codependent part becomes a slowly rhythmic part of a type of call and response that is quite nice. Further, when one or both of each of these parts contains some procedural/algorithmic sequencing component, every time it comes back in via LFO, the prominent features of the part are just slightly different. This leads to this beautiful both evolving and reverting type of composition that I really enjoy. Additionally, there’s such heavy amounts of band-passed noise all over Actress’ work, that it’s actually a bit difficult as a listener to cue in on just how extensively noise is used on each track. To the point where when the noise is sequenced or sidechained to other elements, it becomes it’s own sort of driving texture. Some of this can also be seen on Actress’ alt, Levantis.

    M and I just got married over the weekend. Everything went very well, saw lots of folks we haven’t seen in years. Got plenty of time to hang with everyone who came out and the whole thing ended up being so beautiful and so pleasant and stress-free that we are honestly in disbelief in how wonderful our wedding weekend was. The toasts were incredible (we asked our wedding party to give speeches as opposed to standing with us in the ceremony as the schoolhouse porch we were married on was too small to fit everyone), the food was from M’s favorite thai spot, the music was a great blend of radio hits, the type of stuff that M likes, and a few techno bangers sprinkled in, we ended up with enough Costco booze that our entryway is currently filled with cases of Cooks, Pepsi, and Pacifico, everyone got home safe, and it seems like everyone enjoyed themselves. I discussed life as an adult, finding ways to identify the place where I want to “settle down”, if “settling down” even makes sense in the current global landscape (we are currently leaving(?) a pandemic and entering the Ukraine-Russia war), finding and holding onto love, the tribulations of starting a small creative business, balancing said business with creative pursuits and a creative practice, and myriad other topics. I have issues with he use of the word “myriad”, which I’m sure I will discuss in the future. There were some awkward moments in the weekend, but those stem from my own decreasing ability to pick up on nonverbal cues, and less on the “cringe” of any given interaction. I was worried that the weekend would implode in an instant. Alas, it did not, and I feel very fortunate to have left a weekend of positive notes on such a positive note (dinner with Frankie at The Watering Hole, asian salad and taco seasoned fries with BBQ/Ranch).

    M and I are very much in love, and we are ecstatic with how the weekend went, and even more excited with the new temporal and mental space that has been occupied with DIY ending planning for the past 18 months. For reference, we were engaged in November of 2020, and only just got around to the actual wedding in may of 2022, so I quite bit of time to wait to promise yourself to your partner! One of the challenging things was the pandemic whose bounds were unclear in Nov 2020, and I’m unsure we’ve gained any additional clarity since then, though vaccination in the states seems to be pretty widespread and reduced mask usage, for better or worse, has been feeling more comfortable of late. The only external things we really relied on were the local restaurant for the food, a few national retailers for her dress, and my suit, and the little 150 year old schoolhouse right down the road from us. The rest was pretty DIY, including the $1000 of flowers that our vendor left out of the order, forcing M to all but beg our landlord for trimming from their acre-wide English garden. They were happy to help, and we were relieved to have it. The wedding party showed up a day early to help set up the venue, and I was surprised by how quickly things were put together - when you have a few dozen people helping out, every task on the list only takes a matter of minutes. We did hire the best photographer in town and judging by the initial looks, they did an amazing job. They also joked that their partner and their friends “are also nerds” so she said she will make he social connection which I appreciated at the time, but I’m still hesitant to admit I lack local friends. All good, I feel an abundance of close friends despite their geographic distance. Even work colleagues at the wedding mentioned to M and I “what a great village we had”, and I’m not sure I would have framed that previously. A great village and a great gathering indeed.

    It being my first wedding, I look forward to attending weddings in the future that don’t have me in them. I look forward to being an observer and celebrating the love of those around me in the same way my loved ones did with me. I’m absolutely enamored with M, and I can’t wait for our future together.

    Harold Raley - Julián Marías: Philosophy of the Person

    theory highlights 22-03-21 23:30

    Introduction by Joseph Minich

    The tradition of phenomenology always struck me as asking the right questions and providing some helpful insights, but I was shocked when reading Julian Marias to discover that I was swimming in his thought rather than chopping my way through it. He writes with a clarity and degree of insight that is rare among European philosophers. Moreover, he writes (as I have come to known) as a persuaded Christian who is nevertheless brutally honest with the motions of his mind. His intellectual flavor is not that of a philosopher retrofitting philosophical nomenclature to pre-fabricated dogma, but rather as one journeying through vital reason through the concrete with with absolute and unfeigned honesty.

    But very few people read Marias aside from his history of philosophy, even though he has so much to say about so many things. I thought this was in need of urgent correction. It turns out I am not the first to think so. More than anyone in the last century, Harold Raley has been seeking to introduce Marias to the English-speaking world. He has published two books on Marias, as well as translated some of his works (importantly, his Biography of Philosophy, which is distinct from the history).

    The Ortegan Propaedeutic: The Theory of Radical Reality

    The philosophy of Julián Marías (1914-2005) incorporates and extends the metaphysical system of José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955).[1] From an early age until shortly before his death Marías wrote copiously on many topics: philosophy, history, literature, cinema, biography, sociology, religious questions, and geopolitical matters, including books on countries and cultural analyses, particularly the origins and originality of Spain and the salient features of Western civilization.

    Although he differed with some Ortegan hypotheses and applied the system to areas untreated by Ortega, including history and religious themes, Marías never wavered in his conviction that the Ortegan metaphysical system of “radical reality” was the most comprehensive method for understanding human life.

    He points out that the reasons for this omission are, first, deficient methods of presenting the problem of human reality and, second, a lack of adequate categories for treating the human person without falling into biologism, on the one hand, or phenomenological idealism on the other.

    For seven decades the creation and application of dialectical remedies to these and related deficiencies had been his untiring quest, a task implicit and imperative in the metaphysics he inherited from Ortega. As he neared the end of his life, Marías declared that having done what he could to develop a coherent philosophy of the human person he must now leave it in God’s hands to do with it as he would. In due course we shall return to Persona to extract certain results of his efforts.

    Western thought, he tells us, has always marched in step with the assumption that man is a thing: organism, animal, ego, psyche, consciousness, spirit, and similar designations, all of which are “things” in a physical or ideal sense. This assumption informed the age-old question, what is man?, a question which, in turn, presupposes a definition.

    But if man is not a thing, but a reality of a totally different kind wherein these things appear, as we learn in Ortegan metaphysics, then the presupposition is invalid and can lead only to error. For Marías, what? presupposes things, objects, and abstractions, and for that reason cannot apply to persons. The proper interrogative for the latter is Who?, which sends Marías in another direction entirely. We shall retrace and summarize his dialectical journey in this writing.

    Marías calls Ortega the “discoverer of a new continent of philosophy,” and describes his own role in their association as “filial”: “inexplicable without him; irreducible to him.”[4] But this relationship should not be mistaken for subservience. The “empirical theory” of personal reality that informs his mature writings complements and completes the “analytical theory” of life in Ortega. Although there is no mention of the “empirical theory in the Ortegan writings, their combined philosophy constitutes a challenge to both the cerebral reality of the phenomenologists and the materialist doctrines of the realists.

    The transition of Marías from disciple to creative philosopher centers on this doctrine of “radical reality,” which is circumstantial human life itself. It consists not of things, nor a sum of things, as the realists plead; nor is it the mind or ego and its cognitions as the idealists hold.

    Phenomenologically, I may discover things perceived to be infinitely remote and much greater or smaller than I: from stars and galaxies to quantum particles or waves; others appear to be intimate and real, though free of material form: love, faith, and friendship; similarly, still other things manifest sensorially or psychologically as pains, intuitions, dreams, dreads, hopes, doubts. Probably nearly everyone has pondered the unimaginable magnitude of the Cosmos and the physical puniness of mankind. But as Marías reminds us, the reverse is also true: the Cosmos is also in me as a part of my circumstance.

    My body, or organic being, is also a part of my circumstance. I discover myself in life as a physical being, as “some-body,” already living, already named, and thus already socialized by language and associations with other persons, known and unknown.

    All this, and more, is implicit in the Ortegan cogito: “I am I and my circumstance.” It includes my physical person, psychic and somatic states, and the entirety of my possible world, from nearest atom to farthest star. All this implies that my “radical” encounter with all other realities is not passive, but proactive, not a tabula rasa that merely receives or records impressions, but an encounter that is also interpretative, an encounter we call living.

    This means that my circumstance and I need each other in order to be who I am and what it is. I know by interpretative perception that an approaching tiger I see may devour me unless I defend myself. Likewise, an artifact at hand may appear to me variously according to circumstances as a religious icon, a work of art, a tool, a cultural relic, or as a weapon to ward off the tiger. My circumstance offers possibilities, but if I would live well, it is up to me to choose or release its superior options.

    In an age characterized by regressive human reductionism, Ortega sought to reenchant the world.[8] If existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre dismissed mankind as “a useless passion,” and poet Matthew Arnold described a drear world that offered neither “hope nor help for pain,” Ortega set out on a happier quest with these words: “There is in all things the indication of a possible plenitude. An open and noble soul will feel an ambition to perfect it, to help it achieve that plenitude. This is love—the love of the perfection of the beloved.”[9] His “tactical turn” away from the personal gloom and narrowness of late modernity was to become the foundation on which Ortega—and Marías to an even greater extent—built their more hopeful doctrines.

    A parallel movement, the twentieth-century revolt against the idealistic philosophy that had been in vogue in several iterations beginning with Descartes and culminating in Husserl was not simply abandoned in the Ortegan doctrine. Instead it became an instrumental component of a superior metaphysics in Ortega, and Marías.

    In 1957 Marías began writing a long book on Ortega’s life and his original contributions to philosophy: Ortega: Circunstancia y vocación (Ortega: Circumstance and Vocation). His chief reason for undertaking a task that took him more than two years to complete was, as he put it, because “Ortega counted on him.”

    For Marías, whose succinct definition of philosophy is “Responsible Vision,” Ortega’s contributions, perfected or not, were too important to let slip away. As Marías saw it, to save and complement Ortegan thought was to consecrate an important dimension of Spanish and Western culture.

    Ortega: las trayectorias

    After his death, Ortega’s scattered papers were collected and published as Volumes X and XI of his complete works. Some, so Marías complains, were not meant for publication, but consisted of scribblings, prompts, random ideas, notes to himself, and annotations taken out of context. Ortega was generally acknowledged as the master prose writer of his generation, who according to novelist Pío Baroja, spoke even better than he wrote. But sporadic bouts of illness, years of exile and censorship, and the exceptional range of his talents and commitments meant that he could not bring them all to fruition.

    Marías explains in his books and essays on the Ortegan doctrine that Ortega returned from his studies in Germany in 1912, wrestling with two perplexing problems: (1) the imposing presence of Miguel de Unamuno (1864-1936) and (2) what he perceived to be the shortcomings of Husserlian phenomenology. Unamuno, Spain’s foremost philosopher at the time, passionately opposed scientific rationalism and what he saw as the deleterious impact of modernity on traditional Spanish culture. His major philosophical work Del sentimiento trágico de la vida (1913) (The Tragic Sense of Life), was a formidable challenge to Ortega’s own emerging doctrine.

    Although Unamuno had little, if anything, to say in print about phenomenology itself, which at the time was still central to Ortega’s thought, he rejected out of hand its Cartesian ancestry: “The methodical doubt of Descartes is a comic doubt, a doubt purely theoretical and provisional—that is to say, the doubt of a man who acts as if he doubted without really doubting.” He dismissed as “simpletons” the young Spanish “Europeanizers” led by Ortega who were committed to bringing isolated Spain into the European cultural orbit. Nevertheless, the two philosophers were cordial toward each other without being close, and Ortega wrote panegyrically at Unamuno’s death in 1936 that without him “an atrocious silence” had settled over Spain.

    Despite their many differences, Unamuno shared with the young Ortega and many other European thinkers of the era an intuition that was to prosper under Marías: the conviction that the human person was emerging as the prime theme of modern, or post-modern, European philosophy. Yet it was hampered not only by the doctrinal errors mentioned above but by the linguistic and conceptual inadequacy of traditional language to express it. Philosopher Max Scheler (1874-1928), for instance, declared that for the first time in the 10,000-year recorded history of mankind human reality had become problematic and more to the point, that the human being was now indefinable, not a definitive reality at all but a “becoming,” a “between,” “a self-transcending being.”

    Probably neither Ortega nor Marías would quibble with the gist of Scheler’s statement. The German thinker’s influence on Ortega is well documented. But as master writers who possessed a solid knowledge of German, both Spanish thinkers might well cringe at Scheler’s awkward wording.

    Though proficient in both ancient tongues and several modern languages, Ortega and Marías were not cloistered thinkers who wrote primarily for other philosophical specialists, but popular writers whose aim was to communicate ideas with conceptual clarity and persuasive force to all readers.

    Marías has much to say on Ortega’s cogito, “I am I and my circumstance,” a doctrine that appears for the first time not in the German thinkers, who progressed no further than the concepts of physical Umwelt and existential Dasein, but rather in Meditations. Let us hear one such comment in its entirety:

    'If Ortega had said simply ‘I and my circumstance’, he would not have achieved the philosophical innovation that he does in the Meditations on Quixote. Such a formulation would be acceptable, in the last analysis from a realistic or idealistic perspective, provided one does not lose sight of the fact that the subject refers to an object. When Fichte speaks of the contraposition ‘I and not-I’ (Ich und nicht-Ich), or when the mature Husserl, attempting to extract the final consequences of the idea of Brentano’s intentionality and trying to correct the Cartesian Cogito with the formula Ego cogito cogitatum (I think about thinking), they are left with only an intentional reference.'

    They mistake method for reality.

    Ortega stated in History as a System that his philosophy does not arise from “Greek calends” but from life in fieri, in its ever preemptory and progressive happening, which properly speaking cannot be detained for static analysis, as Husserl proposed with his notion of reduction, or epoché. The forward movement of life inherent in the Ortegan doctrine corresponds to the forward, or ‘facial,” description of living in the empirical theory of Marías.

    As for the notion “consciousness of” as the prime reality in Husserl, Ortega points out that consciousness of reality cannot also be reality itself. If “consciousness of” is equivalent to the ego, or the “I”, then it cannot be inside itself, for life is outside, directed toward the outer world. To claim otherwise would be a contradictory tautology. At this juncture he leaves Husserl and expounds his own doctrine of “radical reality.”

    Marías explains that “The decisive factor is the first ‘I’ in the Ortegan formula, the one which does not simply ‘signify’ but which designates or denotes and points to me, to my reality.” He concludes with this bold assessment: “The torso of this submerged ‘iceberg’ on which rests the celebrated theme of Meditations on Quixote, is nothing less than an original presentation of the central problem of metaphysics. It surpasses idealism but does so without falling anew into realism.”

    The Empirical Theory of Personal Reality

    We said earlier that of all the disciples, colleagues, and associates of Ortega who formed what is commonly referred as “The Madrid School of Philosophy,” Julián Marías remained the most loyal and dedicated not only to Ortega personally but also to his philosophy, particularly his metaphysical doctrine of life, or more exactly, “my life,” the life of each person, as the “radical or ‘root’ reality in which all other realities are rooted.

    Unlike Ortega, whose religious beliefs remained something of a mystery, Marías, though ecumenical by his generous spirit toward all Christians because of their common origin, was devoutly Catholic and unfailingly faithful to the Church, its sacraments and dogmas, particularly as they relate to the dignity and uniqueness of persons. But his faith was by no means blind. Quite the contrary; not only did he profess Christianity; insofar as possible and in keeping with scriptural injunctions, he sought to understand it. Intellectually he was persuaded that Christian truth could withstand any human test or doubts regarding its veracity.

    For this reason, unlike Ortega, Marías did not hesitate to direct his own critical thinking to transcendent themes of personal creation, death, and immortality. It was Marías who explained how the philosophy of radical reality coheres to a surprising degree with Christian theology and its vision of human life. He suggested that Ortega had little to say on these topics because Unamuno had said so much about them.

    Human life has a structure that we discover by means of an analysis of “my life,” in the sense implied earlier, that is, not primarily a formal scientific or philosophical analysis but by the manifold art of living. This analysis of my life, the only life directly accessible to me, reveals the conditions or requisites without which “my life” would not be possible, which means that they must apply in each life and are therefore universal.

    To the “radical reality” of human life that Ortega explored in Meditations on Quixote, there corresponds the complementary assertion of personhood that Marías describes in Metaphysical Anthropology (1970): “If now we return to the rigorously philosophical point of view, that is, to the perspective of radical reality, to the intrinsic theory itself, one form of which we call metaphysics, if we attempt to see man from life itself, and strictly speaking, from my life, previous to all interpretations, especially the scientific ones, we see that his life takes place as a man, in the precise way we call humanity. Man, therefore, is not a thing, nor an organism, nor an animal, but rather prior to all this he is something much deeper: a structure of human life.”

    Here Marías faced a problem: is it possible to pass directly from the analytical structure to the individual reality of the person as such? The answer is no, as Marías points out by using Cervantes as an example:

    This is what has been missing in the doctrine of human life: the zone of reality that I call the empirical structure. To it belong all those features, which, without being ingredients of the analytical theory, are not chance or casual occurrences in the life of Cervantes, but rather empirical elements that are also structural and therefore previous to each individual biography; these features we count on since they function as the underlying assumption of each life.

    As Marías notes: “Seen from this perspective, the empirical structural appears as the arena of possible human variation in history.[30] Hence the justification of the title of Marías’ most ambitious book: Metaphysical Anthropology. “Metaphysical” refers to the “radical reality” of human life as metaphysics, or theory of the real, while “Anthropology” is the science of humankind’s empirical structure as modes of lived and possible experience.

    “My life” is a gerund, a verb of continuing futuristic action or being, which in principle, and perhaps in fact, continues forever. Living is apprehending reality in its connectedness, which not by chance is also the description Maríias offers for reason in general. In other words, living is the concrete form of reason and the form of understanding my circumstance in order to go on living. This means that as a futuristically-inclined being, I am not merely with things but instead that I am always doing something with them, something we call living. It happens dramatically and dynamically.

    Here we must distinguish between installation, which is a biographical concept, and spatial, physical, biological, psychological, or historical categories, which apply secondarily to certain features. It is one thing, for example, to say that we are “installed” in a language and from it we interpret the world in a certain way, and altogether another to point out that language is subject to categories such as anatomy, physiology, linguistics, semantics, and logic. To say that I “live” in my language in a biographical way that precedes all attempts to objectify it, means that the “objective” features may acquire validity only after I “possess” my language biographically.

    Life is a matter of time, trouble, desire, and choice, and all of them tug at us with varying intensity. To these competing forces Marías gives the label of vector. Mathematically speaking, a vector is a directed magnitude, which when applied to human life means importance and significance measured in terms of desire. In life there is almost never a single vector or desire but several of varying intensity, and we must choose among the options.

    My world is circumstantial, yet not passively so. I incline preferentially to things and they respond by assuming a certain slant relative to my biographical efforts to live my life. World is earth and cosmos extending as horizons, limits, and ideal ranges of my projective enterprise. As such, it is order and not chaos. Other forms of worldhood could, and may exist, other circumstantial realms are possible, but empirically and as far as we know by experience, bodily human life takes place only within this earthly worldhood.

    Yet the world is always more than we know, never exhausted, ever opulent in new possibilities for living. Now we acknowledge a singular fact that takes us empirically beyond the abstract designation of “human life.” Our worldly installation occurs in two human modes, man and woman. By reconciling in Metaphysical Anthropology our common experience of “sexuate” and bodily life with the general metaphysical theory of “radical reality” in Ortega, Marías takes full possession of his doctrine and method.

    It seems fitting to remind ourselves that his purpose in Persona, and indeed in one way or another in all his philosophy, is to understand “the most important reality of this world, and at the same time, the most mysterious and elusive: the human person.”

    It was not that Marías simply wrote, as though in a vacuum, he did so with an image of his readers in mind, anticipating their questions and foreseeing their difficulties. An admired stylist, he acknowledged the inherent risks of writing, but commented in Persona that not to run the risk was equivalent to running away from philosophy.

    The trivialization of personal life is anathema to Marías for it means that the person finds no meaning in living, or further, that there is no purpose in life and no reason to continue it, that it is an accident, an inconvenience, a tragedy. Whether there is an ultimate purpose in life is a question in which he has a passionate interest, for himself certainly, but probably more so for those he loves.

    Finally, Marías reminds us that as persons we cannot think of ourselves as inexistent. For as we imagine our inexistence, we place ourselves there as living witnesses to our non-being. The notion is contradictory. At another level, he finds it surprising that people who cannot accept the total destruction of anything, can readily admit the absolute annihilation of the highest and most intense reality that we know of: the human person.

    Daniel Bonevac - Reactions to Relativism - Unamuno and Ortega y Gasset

    theory 22-03-21 18:40

    These thinkers are often ignored which is unfortunate because they are important to the history of philosophy.


    Unamuno was exiled during the reign of the Junta**need to read some history here, big picture is that Spain experienced two dictatorships (de Rivera, '23 -'20 and Franco, '39 - '75) which made them subject to poverty, division, and isolation. and was basically immediately reinstated when he escaped exile. His most popular text was The Tragic Sense of Life. Unamuno was important during the 20c not just in Spain but throughout the world. Unamuno is primarily interested in what we have in common as humans (originally from Terence c 100AD). He believed that ethical theories reduce man to a single dimension which denies them their very human-ness

    -- that while its natural to develop totalizing rational systems of understanding, emotion/feeling have too great an impact on how we think about life to be ignored.

    -- that philosophy in the english-speaking world tends to focus too much on logic and reason. It should instead focus on what a given worldview feels like. Thinking as a mode of being is over-emphasized. So, as philosophers, we should be concerned with the human as the central object of our study. Think about the theories, but also think about the person behind them.

    There is an entire book devoted to this approach by Paul Johnson called Intellectuals

    Unamuno claims that we judge philosophies in part by the lives that their creators lead.

    -- focuses on the question/contradiction of why it's worth struggling to live if you are bound to die? While we're aware of the tragedy, we keep going. Unamuno clarifies Kant's categorical imperative: treat each individual person as an end in himself. As a result, leaders have to worry about people, they cannot be sacrificed for some abstract good, or for future geenrations, but must be given respect and kindness in the present.

    Ortega y Gasset

    Instead of starting from ethics, as does Unamuno, he starts with the conflict between realism and idealism. Ortega says there are hard realtities out there that the individual cannot control, and must confront. But he doesn't like realism very much either, because realism isolates the mind from the world and makes it impossible to understand how knowledge is possible. It's a mistake to think of the mind as separate from the world. They both co-exist and mutually influence each other. The world cannot be understood without appeals to the faculties of the mind. We cannot understand ourselves without appeal to the world. The view results in a sort of "contextualism -- " I am myself and my circumstance."*seems challenging from a political or colonial standpoint -- in other words, my identity needs to be understood in terms of my connections with the world.

    Reason can come to reliable conclusions only when it focuses on life, taking into account both subject and object. -- Ortega u Gasset calls this Vital Reason

    This means that thought has to be dynamic, historical. Since we frequently encounter our own limitations, we must constantly consider these boundaries of our freedom and of our interface with the world.

    We are free to choose who we are but only up to a point. There's lots of choices which are unavailable to us.

    Ortega has a perspectivist view of truth (not Nietzsche's) which he claims, collapses into relativism. We might identify the truth about an object from all given perspectives, but that toality is itself a perspective. There is no way to have all perspectives at once. We inevitably see the world from a human perspective.

    Spanish Philosophy

    theory 22-03-21 13:50

    In learning more about Basque country, I've come across some lists of Spanish philosophers which may be interesting to look into further.

    I get the impression that much of Spanish thought after 1000AD was carried out in the context of Judaic and Catholic theology, but the same could be said for French + German philosophy up to the early moderns. Lots of institutionalized bias I have to read past here.

    Political Movements of Interest

    political‑movements 22-03-21 13:35

    I've been interested in the Basque language lately, and that led me to looking into the relationship between Spain and French, and of course, I figured I would look into the relationship bewteen French and Spanish Philsophy. While I encountered a listing of prevalent Spanish philosophers, I came across Maria Zambrano, who was a member of Generación del 36/Mouvement des 36, a group of Spanish artists and intellectuals who were working aroud the time of the Spanish Civil War -- a literary movement that was criticized as a result of the poltical divisions left behind by that war.

    I've also been interested in the Situationist International movement, which was a group of primarily anachist french-artist/thinkers. Debord identified with this movement for a while and I'm interested in exploring the themes that this group put forth over the course of the mid-20c.

    Derek Murphy and Mitchell Zemil - Preserving Worlds ↗︎

    games digital‑archival 22-03-20 13:00

    What happens to long forgotten online worlds after they have been abandoned? How are they preserved and re-shaped to fit new ends?

    1994, WorldsChat, sought to model Neal Stephenson's metaverse with interactive avatars, commissioned areas, and a rudimentary 3D modelling tool called "The Shaper" which allows them to build their own spaces and link them to the network. Decades later, WorldsChat has been rediscovered and repopulated by a new generation.

    1991, Tim Sweeney launched a game that would become, entirely by accident, the most popular hobbyist game development tool of the 90s. By virtue of it's name, it was the last category on every bulletin and message board. As a tool, it became a simple and free environemnt for amateur game design. User Dr. Dos runs the Museum of ZZT, and works to document, preserve, and curate these worlds. Due to the simple ASCII-style and built-in editor, users didn't need to be graphical artists in order to begin making their own worlds.

    2004, Myst Online: Uru Live sought to bring the previosuly successful world of Uru to fans through a multiplayer experience. After multiple failed attempts and cancellations, the game was made open source, which made the platform more sustainable but did not draw in many new users. Despite the lack of new users, players continue to log in, create, and preserve their own worlds. Many players bought into the in-game lore, identifying with the in-game group of explorers discovering and restoring the lost civilization.

    There were docuseries episodes on the Doom and SecondLife communities, but I was a little less interested in those.

    Susan James - Why Should We Read Spinoza? ↗︎

    theory video‑lecture Spinoza 22-03-19 21:00

    Historians of philosophy often concentrate on historical positions and arguments that they agree with or that they resonate with.

    It's common to draw attention to Spinoza's naturalism -- of fully integrating the study of the human mind into the study of nature, i.e. Humans are governed by the same laws that givern nature.

    Spinoza is also seen as a liberal and proponent of rdical democracy. Historians find something that they value in Spinoza.

    It's rare to see commentators who provide full teleological accounts - of putting forth theories that are jsutified by the ends to which they contribute.

    Spinoza has been called "the founder of radical enlightenment" - an abstract "package" of values including the universal right to knowledge, etc.

    These two aspects of history of philosophy - our tendency to focus on doctrines/approaches that we agree with, and our tendency to value philosophers based on the degree to which they contribute to our own outlooks - are logically distinct.

    Commentators and historians of philosophy have a tendency towards teleological interpretative approaches, looking to past figures as anticipations of ourselves, ignoring the ways in which past philosophical approaches differed from our own.

    Another worry of this tendency is that we may misconstrue philosophy as a single. continuous process that works towards progressive values and may bury divergences in values.

    Defenders of teleology claim that they can be sensitive to these distortions. Johnathan Bennett did a lot of work in reinterpreting early moderns.

    There are anthropological pleasures to take from encountering the "strange" takes of earlier thinkers. There is also the habit of valuing earlier thinkers for the contribution to our own modern discourse.

    Epistemologies remind us that we reason poorly, but if that's so, and we want to get some critical distance from the practice of history of philosophy, we'll need to examine the anxieties and desires of early thinkers - but how to reconnect?

    For Spinoza, affective dispositions are not learnt, but embedded in our humanity. We are guided to respond affectively to things like us, in other words, we are more likely to develop affects towards and with other individuals, as opposed to things. This provides reason for why we care more for our compatriots than humans at large.

    Rather than finding out what people are like, we develop representations of how we imagine them to be, positioning ourselves in an imagined commonality that may or may not exist.

    The disposition that Spinoza identifies sustains one of the abuses of which teleological historians are accused - the tendency to homogenize the past, and unless we offset it, we can expect this kind of distortion to continue.

    Spinoza: we tend to think of nature as designed to satisfy our purposes. We tend to believe that there is someone else who has prepared the world for our use.

    Historians of philosophy are as likely as anyone to project their experience of their own purposiveness onto history. This is deeply rooted in our nature, and if we don't resist, it will continue to create teleological landscapes.

    Teleology can't promote/progress/justify the ends of philosophy.

    Continental Philosophy: Preliminary Reading List

    theory list

    an image of a power ranger with a caption referencing Frankfurt School associated phiosopher Walter Benjamin that reads 'The Philosopher Walter Benjamin once said:'

    This is a small pile of small piles of texts that I would like to encounter as a means to pour some energy into this note-taking system. The goal of this list is to be semi-conversant with the average undergrad with some background in theory. This is by no means meant to be comprehensive; my interest in philosophy is primarily to explore discourse occuring in 20c french theory.

    Foundation: Frankfurt School: 20c: Modern: CCRU (non-Land): Music: Alternative Perspectives:

    An alternative approach may be to start with who I would like to develop an understanding of:

    It strikes me that there are several levels to understanding post-structuralism. I am particularly interesting in understanding the projects of:

    Additionally, I am also interested in works from:

    The former's core works consist of:

    Deleuze (along with Guattari in some cases) (differential ontology): Reading question: could difference be the basis of abstraction?

    Derrida (deconstruction):

    Foucault (biopolitics):

    Baudrillard (simulation):

    The relations between these thinkers:

    Of course there are others, but at some point a target for understanding must be listed.

    The subsequent generation (not sure here actually):

    Providing the foundation for the main three thinkers are the Germans (idealists, materialists, phenomenologists):

    Some sort of intermediate french group providing the foundation for the main three(subject to further categorization):

    The French feminist pioneers:

    The psychoanalytic thread:

    Texts To Procure

    list None on this list, see To Read



    This is a set of notes, sometimes referred to as a "slipbox", or "commonplace book". These notes are meant to be self-contained, human-readable, and sustainable.

  • Self-contained
  • Human-readable
  • Sustainable
  • You Are Here is a good starting point.

    I am a sound engineer, artist, and writer based in the Sierra Nevada Foothills. More info here.

    Since I don't do any viewer tracking, I have no clue who reads this site. If you would like to provide feedback, start a conversation, or offer a much welcomed correction, feel free to reach out.

    Style: Posts


    This is some text that is meant to be a mock up of a post, which is a longform bit of content that should consist of original prose.11) This is marginalia using the "margin" tag. Posts are included in this group of notes so that they can be interlinked and referenced into a larger chain of thoughts.22) Here is another margin note. These don't overlap so can be placed in-line. I'm not sure how to distinguish shorter-form thoughts from longer-form thoughts, but I suppose I can allow that distinction to arise organically.

    Images should be placed in their own p tag:
    An Oxford Brand Mathematical Instruments Set for Geometric Constructions This is a "capt" tag, for caption. Images can be placed in-line or in a margin tag, but should generally always contain alt-text and an explicit caption (which can be the same or distinct).

    Each individual post or note**styling works! should be contained in an article tag which will provide for accurate formatting. Additionally, each article tag should have an id that can be referenced via anchor link. The article is the "atomic" element of the system, so to speak. Line breaks should be avoided and instead rely on p tags for formatting.
    This is a blockquote using the "blockquote" tag.
    Further, explicit class styles should be kept to a minimum where possible. While this style sheet certainly isn't "classless", it's important to keep those classes to a minimum so as to maintain compatibility with future browser platforms.

    For the sake of navigation, each heading should be an anchor link to it's containing article ID.

    Style: Notes


    I conceive of the notes section as more loose, flexible, "fleeting", as some may call it. When it comes to notes, the article should likely contain a chapter of a text, which means there will likely be more p tags in note articles, but all in the interest of being able to constrain the target when highlights are referenced.

    As notes are going to be mostly focused on reading, I've added a highlight mechanism to distiniguish between a) non-original and original content, and b) different priority pieces of information sorted in order of proximity to the essence of a text. These are as follows:

    Here is some quoted text using the q1 tag, which indicates a highlight, or quote which is of basic**styling can also be used within highlights, and it is permissible to overwrite styles of original quotes in interest of retaining another layer of visual informationmargins can be nested and will wrap based on viewport importance to the text.

    Here is some quoted text using the q2 tag which indiciates a highlight or quote which is of medium importance to the text.

    Here is some quoted text using the q3 tag which indiciates a highlight or quote which is of high importance to the text, and will generally serve as earmarks when going back to reference a text. In general, the warmer a tone of highlight, the higher essential importance to the text.

    The q4 tag is a special highlight used to denote when a quoted author is using an example to illustrate a concept.

    The q5 tag is a special highlight used to "escape" the current highlight, as a means of annotating within a highlight.

    In general, all quote/highlight tags should exist in their own p tags to maintain consistency with other forms of content.

    All reading notes and highlight-oriented notes should contain headings that are formatted as follows:

    "Author Last Names (et al. if > 3)" - "Year of Publication" , "Chapter Number" : "Chapter Title"
    In the event of book chapters that take more than a day to read/take notes on (and thus may produce multiple articles), it is okay to break those notes up into multiple articles with 1 to 3 words referencing the chapter sub-section topics, replacing the chapter title included in each chapter's first note article heading. This is a citation using the "cite" tag which can be used in-line, but is separated so that it can be hidden or styled independently. Citations should generally link to source or highlight notes.

    Article Process


    Again, articles are the atomic element in the set of elements included in this document.

    When finishing an article, check to ensure it is relatively self-contained. Examples would be reading notes from a single chapter of a book, original thoughts from a single writing session, or writing on a single topic. Next, ensure that the tag ID for the containing article tag is original. Then, add that ID as an anchor link to the following navigation sections:

    Once linked in the navigation section, ensure that the links funstion properly. Doing this process manually is a means of making sure that metadata is distinct from the main body information, and it keeps the site generation simple and human-capable.

    If an article takes more than a single day to complete, include two entries in the Newest and Oldest sections and append [START] and [END]. Generally, this should not be a huge issue as an article should not contain more info than could be produced in a day.

    Flow of Information


    The general idea behind this note-taking system is that chains (logical, causal, non-causal, etc.) of external concepts and original ideas are built up from smaller bits of information -- that notes inspire posts, and posts inspire larger works*. I'm not entirely sure what this category will be called, but it is certainly one of the ancillary goals of this system.

    There is a temptation to dedicate an area of this site to a sort of micro-blog. And while I have experimented with this in the past, I'm more interested in forcing the same thoughts that might inspire smaller one-offs into longer pieces. This system is - in some sense - a means of trying to tear away from the trend of "tweet-threads" and force my mind to hold larger systems in contemplation: to keep more on the workbench, so to speak.


    portfolio current:

    startup foundry: Spark Wave (NY)
    edit/mix the Clearer Thinking Podcast with Spencer Greenberg↗︎

    donor advisory: High Impact Athletes (NZ/US)
    edit/mix Larger Than Ourselves - The High Impact Athletes Podcast↗︎

    non-profit: Future of Life Institute (Boston)
    edit/mix the FLI Podcast↗︎

    charity: Centre for Effective Altruism (UK/SF)
    assist editors with The 80,000 Hours Podcast with Rob Wiblin

    radio station:  Counterbalance Radio (Chicago)
    mix/master for resident artists↗︎


    mixed media artist: Sun Park (SF)
    compose accompaniment for A ROOM WITH HOLES: first visit↗︎ (2021)

    artist + educator: Felisha Ledesma (Berlin)
    support access to their introductory workshops↗︎ (2020)

    theatre: Sierra Repertory Theatre (SF)
    advise engineers on cue editing + voiceover recording

    visual artist: Melissa Harvey (SF)
    compose accompaniment for Secret Splitting↗︎ (2017)

    record label: Ninja Tune North America (LA)
    support streaming operation + digital supply chain

    sound creative: Nathen Rennick (NY)↗︎
    co-learn + advise on mixing for large format


    portfolio sublunar/antipodal↗︎
    was formed in collaboration with mixed media artist Sun Park during their MFA at San Francisco State University. This collection is a sonic accompaniment to a mixed media installation↗︎ prsenting video projection, digitally printed fabric, ceramic, slime, sand, and soft sculptures entitled “A ROOM WITH HOLES: first visit” initially installed at the Martin Wong Gallery in Winter 2021. This composition is an improvisation for non-linear editor using an array of coastal field recordings as well as recordings taken by Park herself. Ambisonic simulation was employed to highlight the enclosed nature of the 360° camera footage taken from within Park’s sculpture.

    was formed in collaboration with visual artist Melissa Harvey during her residency at the Community Media Center of Marin. This collection was originally brought to the public in the form of an audio-visual installation at Harvey's Spring 2017 exhibit, "Secret Splitting"↗︎.  These compositions are formed from a series of digitally manipulated loops from vinyl LPs acquired in Harvey’s hometown in Northern California. As a result, this piece seeks to engage in a local ecology of source material - re-interpreting these records becomes a means of unearthing the sonic textures embedded in regional histories.


    email: ryan at tone dot support

    mastodon: inscript at merveilles dot town